IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/ems/euriss/99236.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Has growth been good for women’s employment in Pakistan?

Author

Listed:
  • Majid, H.
  • Siegmann, K.A.

Abstract

In this paper, we analyse the gender inclusiveness of Pakistan’s economic growth performance as measured by the rate at which employment changes when GDP increases by one percentage point. Our results show not only differences in such employment elasticities across sectors but also across genders. Rooted in women’s status as secondary workers within Pakistan’s labour force, their employment is commonly more responsive to the business cycle. Surprising results include that gender wage equality is positively associated with employment elasticities. Furthermore, we question the optimistic narrative that education improves women’s ability to take up employment in periods of positive GDP growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Majid, H. & Siegmann, K.A., 2017. "Has growth been good for women’s employment in Pakistan?," ISS Working Papers - General Series 630, International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University Rotterdam (ISS), The Hague.
  • Handle: RePEc:ems:euriss:99236
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://repub.eur.nl/pub/99236/wp630.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. A. P. Thirlwall, 1983. "A Plain Man’s Guide to Kaldor’s Growth Laws," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 5(3), pages 345-358, March.
    2. Stephanie Seguino & Caren Grown, 2006. "Gender equity and globalization: macroeconomic policy for developing countries," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 18(8), pages 1081-1104.
    3. Karin Astrid Siegmann, 2011. "The Crisis in South Asia: From Jobless Growth to Jobless Slump?," Chapters,in: The Financial Crisis and Developing Countries, chapter 13 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    4. Stephanie Seguino, 2007. "PlusCa Change? evidence on global trends in gender norms and stereotypes," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(2), pages 1-28.
    5. Karin Astrid SIEGMANN, 2005. "The Agreement on Textiles and Clothing: Potential effects on gendered employment in Pakistan," International Labour Review, International Labour Organization, vol. 144(4), pages 401-421, December.
    6. Shen, Ce & Williamson, John B., 1999. "Maternal mortality, women's status, and economic dependency in less developed countries: a cross-national analysis," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 49(2), pages 197-214, July.
    7. Sheba Tejani, 2016. "Jobless growth in India: an investigation," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 40(3), pages 843-870.
    8. Stephanie Seguino & Maureen Were, 2014. "Gender, Development and Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 23(suppl_1), pages 18-61.
    9. Standing, Guy, 1989. "Global feminization through flexible labor," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 17(7), pages 1077-1095, July.
    10. UN Women, 2015. "Progress of the World’s Women 2015-2016: Transforming Economies, Realizing Rights," Working Papers id:7688, eSocialSciences.
    11. Najam Us Saqib & G. M. Arif, 2012. "Time Poverty, Work Status and Gender: The Case of Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 51(1), pages 23-46.
    12. Cristiano Perugini & Marcello Signorelli, 2007. "Labour Market Performance Differentials and Dynamics in EU-15 Countries and Regions," European Journal of Comparative Economics, Cattaneo University (LIUC), vol. 4(2), pages 209-262, September.
    13. Falguni Pattanaik & Narayan Chandra Nayak, 2014. "Macroeconomic Determinants of Employment Intensity of Growth in India," Margin: The Journal of Applied Economic Research, National Council of Applied Economic Research, vol. 8(2), pages 137-154, May.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    economic growth; employment; gender; growth elasticity of employment; inclusive growth; Pakistan;

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ems:euriss:99236. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (RePub). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/issssnl.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.