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Globalization, Economic policy and Employment: Poverty and Gender Implications


  • James Heintz


When we speak of the impact of globalization on national and local economies, those economies are actually composed of a wide variety of individuals, each class of whom will be effected differently by large-scale economic forces. In this paper, produced for the U.N.'s International Labour Office, PERI Associate Director James Heintz demonstrates how global labor markets are segmented by gender and how any analysis of the impact of macroeconomic policies on growth, employment and poverty reduction needs to be undertaken with this segmentation in mind. Specifically, Heintz addresses how macroeconomic policies differentially effect women's and men's employment, looking at monetary policy, trade policy, exchange rate regimes and public sector restructuring. Heintz brings his findings together in recommendations for an alternative policy framework of employment-centered, poverty-reducing development.

Suggested Citation

  • James Heintz, 2006. "Globalization, Economic policy and Employment: Poverty and Gender Implications," Published Studies heintz_gender, Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
  • Handle: RePEc:uma:perips:heintz_gender

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Lawrence Katz & Alan Krueger, 1992. "The Effect of the Minimum Wage on the Fast Food Industry," Working Papers 678, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Industrial Relations Section..
    2. Card, David & Krueger, Alan B, 1994. "Minimum Wages and Employment: A Case Study of the Fast-Food Industry in New Jersey and Pennsylvania," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(4), pages 772-793, September.
    3. DiNardo, John & Fortin, Nicole M & Lemieux, Thomas, 1996. "Labor Market Institutions and the Distribution of Wages, 1973-1992: A Semiparametric Approach," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 64(5), pages 1001-1044, September.
    4. Lawrence F. Katz & Alan B. Krueger, 1992. "The Effect of the Minimum Wage on the Fast-Food Industry," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 46(1), pages 6-21, October.
    5. David Neumark & William L. Wascher, 2008. "Minimum Wages," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262141027, July.
    6. Raff, Daniel M G & Summers, Lawrence H, 1987. "Did Henry Ford Pay Efficiency Wages?," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 5(4), pages 57-86, October.
    7. Alan B. Krueger & David Card, 2000. "Minimum Wages and Employment: A Case Study of the Fast-Food Industry in New Jersey and Pennsylvania: Reply," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(5), pages 1397-1420, December.
    8. Daniel Aaronson, 2001. "Price Pass-Through And The Minimum Wage," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 83(1), pages 158-169, February.
    9. Neumark, David & Wascher, William L., 2007. "Minimum Wages and Employment," Foundations and Trends(R) in Microeconomics, now publishers, vol. 3(1–2), pages 1-182, March.
    10. Kiefer, Nicholas M & Kelly, Thomas J & Burdett, Kenneth, 1994. "Menu Pricing: An Experimental Approach," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 12(3), pages 329-337, July.
    11. Robert Pollin & Mark Brenner, 2000. "Economic Analysis of Santa Monica Living Wage Proposal," Research Reports rr2, Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
    12. repec:fth:prinin:298 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. repec:mes:jeciss:v:36:y:2002:i:4:p:843-875 is not listed on IDEAS
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    Cited by:

    1. -, Anupama, 2013. "Deficits In Productive Employment In India," Journal of Regional Development and Planning, JRDP, vol. 2(2), pages 87-107.
    2. Utpal Kumar De, 2014. "Globalisation and cointegration among the states and convergence across the continents: A panel data analysis," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 44(1), pages 107-121.
    3. Pattanaik, Falguni & Nayak, Narayan Chandra, 2013. "Employment Intensity Of Secondary Sector In India: Trends, Patterns And Determinants," Journal of Regional Development and Planning, JRDP, vol. 2(2), pages 157-174.
    4. repec:ilo:ilowps:483478 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Kelkar, Govind., 2013. "At the threshold of economic empowerment : women, work and gender regimes in Asia," ILO Working Papers 994834783402676, International Labour Organization.
    6. Najia Saqib & Priyanka Aggarwal & Ms. Saima Rashid, 2016. "Women Empowerment and Economic Growth: Empirical Evidence from Saudi Arabia," Advances in Management and Applied Economics, SCIENPRESS Ltd, vol. 6(5), pages 1-5.
    7. John C. Anyanwu, 2014. "Does Intra-African Trade Reduce Youth Unemployment in Africa?," African Development Review, African Development Bank, vol. 26(2), pages 286-309, June.

    More about this item


    employment; poverty; gender; global integration; economic policy;

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • F02 - International Economics - - General - - - International Economic Order and Integration
    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty
    • J3 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs

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