¿Quiénes son los NiNis en México?
The objetive of this article is to characterize the population between 15 and 29 years old who does not attend school and does not work (NiNi, as they are know in Mexico). We used data from the 1990, 2000 and 2010 Cesuses of Population, the 1992-2010 Income and Expenditure Surveys and the 2005-2010 National Labor Surveys in Mexico. We find that the porportion of NiNis in the population has decreased between 1990 and 2010. However, there are important differences between males and females for the last decade. We find that after the 2008 global recession there is an increase in the male NiNi proportion. The percetage of female NiNis decreased during the entire period, mostly due to a higher female labor force participation and an increase in school attendance. We find that in 2010 there were 8.6 million NiNis nationally (28.9% of the population in the age group), 2.05 million of which are men and 6.54 million are women. Finally we find evidence that the probability of being a NiNi is mostly related to educational attainment and income in the household for males; and for females it is mostly correlated with their decision to do domestic work.
|Date of creation:||Dec 2011|
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