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Start-ups as drivers of market mobility: An analysis at the region-sector level for the Netherlands

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  • André van Stel
  • Mickey Folkeringa
  • Sierdjan Koster

Abstract

We investigate the impact of start-up rates on a measure of competition among incumbent firms called market mobility. While recent literature suggests that competition among incumbent firms is caused by (lagged) start-up rates, this relation has not yet been tested using a direct measure of competition among these firms. In the present paper we estimate a regression model, at the region-sector level for the Netherlands, where the mobility rate is explained by (lagged) start-up rates and control variables. Using data for 40 regions and five sectors over the period 1993-2006 we find that the impact of start-ups on market mobility varies by sector. We find a strong positive relation between start-up rates and mobility rates for industry sectors (manufacturing and construction) but an insignificant relation for services sectors. These results suggest there are differences in the types of entry between sectors and in the roles start-ups play in different sectors.

Suggested Citation

  • André van Stel & Mickey Folkeringa & Sierdjan Koster, 2010. "Start-ups as drivers of market mobility: An analysis at the region-sector level for the Netherlands," Scales Research Reports H200905, EIM Business and Policy Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:eim:papers:h200905
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    5. Wennekers, Sander & van Stel, André & Carree, Martin & Thurik, Roy, 2010. "The Relationship between Entrepreneurship and Economic Development: Is It U-Shaped?," Foundations and Trends(R) in Entrepreneurship, now publishers, vol. 6(3), pages 167-237, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. ITO Keiko & KATO Masatoshi, 2012. "Does New Entry Drive Out Incumbents? Evidence from establishment-level data in Japan," Discussion papers 12034, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    2. Michael Fritsch & Florian Noseleit, 2013. "Indirect employment effects of new business formation across regions: The role of local market conditions," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 92(2), pages 361-382, June.
    3. Fritsch, Michael, 2013. "New Business Formation and Regional Development: A Survey and Assessment of the Evidence," Foundations and Trends(R) in Entrepreneurship, now publishers, vol. 9(3), pages 249-364, February.
    4. Keiko Ito & Masatoshi Kato, 2016. "Does new entry drive out incumbents? The varying roles of establishment size across sectors," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 46(1), pages 57-78, January.
    5. Keiko Ito & Masatoshi Kato, 2016. "Does new entry drive out incumbents? The varying roles of establishment size across sectors," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 46(1), pages 57-78, January.
    6. Amin, Mohammad, 2015. "Competition and labor productivity in India's retail stores," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 57-68.
    7. Schneck, Stefan, 2018. "Times are a changin'? The emergence of new firms and rank persistence," Working Papers 01/18, Institut für Mittelstandsforschung (IfM) Bonn.
    8. Michael Fritsch, 2012. "Methods of analyzing the relationship between new business formation and regional development," Jena Economic Research Papers 2012-064, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena.
    9. Alexander Kritikos, 2014. "Entrepreneurs and their impact on jobs and economic growth," IZA World of Labor, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), pages 1-8, May.
    10. repec:elg:eechap:14395_27 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Sierdjan Koster & Andrè van Stel & Mickey Folkeringa, 2011. "Start-up intensity, competition and regional economic development," ERSA conference papers ersa10p556, European Regional Science Association.
    12. Tubadji, Annie & Nijkamp, Peter & Santarelli, Enrico, 2017. "Shacklean Uncertainty and Cultural Embeddedness as Innovation Constraints in the UK," GLO Discussion Paper Series 111, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    13. Sierdjan Koster & André Stel, 2014. "The relationship between start-ups, market mobility and employment growth: An empirical analysis for Dutch regions," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 93(1), pages 203-217, March.

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    JEL classification:

    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • L16 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure
    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups

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