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Start-ups as drivers of market mobility: An analysis at the region-sector level for the Netherlands

  • André van Stel
  • Mickey Folkeringa
  • Sierdjan Koster

We investigate the impact of start-up rates on a measure of competition among incumbent firms called market mobility. While recent literature suggests that competition among incumbent firms is caused by (lagged) start-up rates, this relation has not yet been tested using a direct measure of competition among these firms. In the present paper we estimate a regression model, at the region-sector level for the Netherlands, where the mobility rate is explained by (lagged) start-up rates and control variables. Using data for 40 regions and five sectors over the period 1993-2006 we find that the impact of start-ups on market mobility varies by sector. We find a strong positive relation between start-up rates and mobility rates for industry sectors (manufacturing and construction) but an insignificant relation for services sectors. These results suggest there are differences in the types of entry between sectors and in the roles start-ups play in different sectors. �

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Paper provided by EIM Business and Policy Research in its series Scales Research Reports with number H200905.

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Length: 21 pages
Date of creation: 07 Jan 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:eim:papers:h200905
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  1. Stonebraker, Robert J, 1979. "Turnover and Mobility among the 100 Largest Firms: An Update," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 69(5), pages 968-73, December.
  2. Michael Fritsch & Florian Noseleit & Yvonne Schindele, 2008. "Direct and indirect effects of new businesses on regional employment - An empirical analysis," Jena Economic Research Papers 2008-074, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Max-Planck-Institute of Economics.
  3. Michael Fritsch, 2008. "How does new business formation affect regional development? Introduction to the special issue," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 30(1), pages 1-14, January.
  4. Richard E. Caves, 1998. "Industrial Organization and New Findings on the Turnover and Mobility of Firms," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 36(4), pages 1947-1982, December.
  5. Baldwin, John R & Gorecki, Paul K, 1994. "Concentration and Mobility Statistics in Canada's Manufacturing Sector," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 42(1), pages 93-103, March.
  6. André Stel & Kashifa Suddle, 2008. "The impact of new firm formation on regional development in the Netherlands," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 30(1), pages 31-47, January.
  7. Adriaan J. van Stel & David J. Storey, 2004. "The link between firm births and job creation: Is there a Upas Tree effect?," Papers on Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy 2004-33, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy Group.
  8. Zoltan Acs & David Storey, 2004. "Introduction: Entrepreneurship and Economic Development," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(8), pages 871-877.
  9. Geweke, John & Marshall, Robert C & Zarkin, Gary A, 1986. "Mobility Indices in Continuous Time Markov Chains," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 54(6), pages 1407-23, November.
  10. Masatoshi Kato & Yuji Honjo, 2006. "Market Share Instability and the Dynamics of Competition: a Panel Data Analysis of Japanese Manufacturing Industries," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer, vol. 28(2), pages 165-182, 03.
  11. Uwe Cantner, Jens J. Krüger, 2002. "Geroski's Stylized Facts and Mobility in Large German Manufacturing Firms," Working Paper Series B 2002-03, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität Jena, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultïät.
  12. David Audretsch & Roy Thurik, 2004. "A Model of the Entrepreneurial Economy," Papers on Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy 2004-12, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy Group.
  13. Michael Fritsch & Pamela Mueller, 2004. "Effects of New Business Formation on Regional Development over Time," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(8), pages 961-975.
  14. Shorrocks, A F, 1978. "The Measurement of Mobility," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 46(5), pages 1013-24, September.
  15. repec:cup:cbooks:9780521465618 is not listed on IDEAS
  16. Michael Fritsch & Pamela Mueller, 2004. "The Effects of New Business Formation on Regional Development over Time," Papers on Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy 2004-36, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Entrepreneurship, Growth and Public Policy Group.
  17. Boeri, Tito & Cramer, Ulrich, 1992. "Employment growth, incumbents and entrants : Evidence from Germany," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 545-565, December.
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