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Asset pricing tests with long run risks in consumption growth

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  • Constantinides, George M.
  • Ghosh, Anisha

Abstract

The Bansal and Yaron (2004) model of long run risks (LLR) in aggregate consumption and dividend growth and its extension that captures potential co- integration of the consumption and dividend levels, are tested on a cross-section of asset classes and rejected using annual data over the period 1930-2006 and using both annual and quarterly data over the post-war period. The reversal of earlier empirical conclusions is partly due to the increase in the power of the tests resulting from two observations under the null. First, the latent state vari- ables and, therefore, the pricing kernel are known a¢ ne functions of observables such as the interest rate and the market-wide price-dividend ratio. Second, the parameters of the time-series processes of consumption and dividend growth, the LLR variable, and its conditional variance impose constraints on the parameters of the pricing kernel. The value of the persistence parameter of the LRR variable that best …ts the data implies that its half-life is shorter than that of the business cycle.

Suggested Citation

  • Constantinides, George M. & Ghosh, Anisha, 2008. "Asset pricing tests with long run risks in consumption growth," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 24428, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  • Handle: RePEc:ehl:lserod:24428
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    2. Horvath, Jaroslav, 2020. "Macroeconomic disasters and the equity premium puzzle: Are emerging countries riskier?," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 112(C).
    3. Grammig, Joachim & Küchlin, Eva-Maria, 2018. "A two-step indirect inference approach to estimate the long-run risk asset pricing model," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 205(1), pages 6-33.
    4. Roméo Tédongap, 2015. "Consumption Volatility and the Cross-Section of Stock Returns," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 19(1), pages 367-405.
    5. John List & Harald Uhlig, 2017. "Introduction," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 125(6), pages 1723-1727.
    6. Branger, Nicole & Rodrigues, Paulo & Schlag, Christian, 2018. "Level and slope of volatility smiles in long-run risk models," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 95-122.
    7. Branger, Nicole & Rodrigues, Paulo & Schlag, Christian, 2017. "Level and slope of volatility smiles in Long-Run Risk Models," SAFE Working Paper Series 186, Leibniz Institute for Financial Research SAFE.
    8. Bechlioulis, Alexandros P. & Brissimis, Sophocles N., 2021. "Identifying key aspects of household behavior in a representative agent framework," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 105-117.
    9. Ravi Jagannathan & Srikant Marakani, 2015. "Price-Dividend Ratio Factor Proxies for Long-Run Risks," Review of Asset Pricing Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 5(1), pages 1-47.
    10. Ghosh, Anisha & Linton, Oliver, 2007. "Consistent estimation of the risk-return tradeoff in the presence of measurement error," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 24506, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    11. Fischer, Marcel & Jensen, Bjarne Astrup, 2019. "The debt tax shield in general equilibrium," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 100(C), pages 151-166.
    12. Breugem, Matthijs & Marfè, Roberto, 2020. "Long-run versus short-run news and the term structure of equity," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 36(C).
    13. Ufuk Akcigit & Fernando Alvarez & Stephane Bonhomme & George M Constantinides & Douglas W Diamond & Eugene F Fama & David W Galenson & Michael Greenstone & Lars Peter Hansen & Uhlig Harald & James J H, 2017. "The Past, Present, and Future of Economics: A Celebration of the 125-Year Anniversary of the JPE and of Chicago Economics," Natural Field Experiments 00635, The Field Experiments Website.
    14. Roberto Marfè, 2016. "Corporate Fraction and the Equilibrium Term Structure of Equity Risk," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 20(2), pages 855-905.
    15. Jun Ma, 2013. "Long‐Run Risk and Its Implications for the Equity Premium Puzzle: New Evidence from a Multivariate Framework," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 45(1), pages 121-145, February.
    16. Dergunov, Ilya & Meinerding, Christoph & Schlag, Christian, 2019. "Extreme inflation and time-varying consumption growth," Discussion Papers 16/2019, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    17. Bakshi, Gurdip & Chabi-Yo, Fousseni, 2011. "Variance Bounds on the Permanent and Transitory Components of Stochastic Discount Factors," Working Paper Series 2011-11, Ohio State University, Charles A. Dice Center for Research in Financial Economics.
    18. Roberto Marfè, 2017. "Income Insurance and the Equilibrium Term Structure of Equity," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 72(5), pages 2073-2130, October.
    19. Na Guo & Peter N. Smith, 2012. "Durable Consumption, Long-Run Risk and The Equity Premium," Discussion Papers 12/37, Department of Economics, University of York.
    20. Neuhierl, Andreas & Varneskov, Rasmus T., 2021. "Frequency dependent risk," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 140(2), pages 644-675.
    21. George M. Constantinides, 2017. "Asset Pricing: Models and Empirical Evidence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 125(6), pages 1782-1790.
    22. Gospodinov, Nikolay & Maasoumi, Esfandiar, 2021. "Generalized aggregation of misspecified models: With an application to asset pricing," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 222(1), pages 451-467.
    23. Goswami, Gautam & Tan, Sinan, 2012. "Pricing the US residential asset through the rent flow: A cross-sectional study," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(10), pages 2742-2756.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Long Run Risks; Equity Premium; Cross-Section of Asset Re- turns; Cointegration; Latent State Variables.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

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