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Estimating the gravity equation with the actual number of exporting firms

Author

Listed:
  • Asier Minondo

    (Deusto Business School)

  • Francisco Requena-Silvente

    (Universidad de Valencia)

Abstract

To estimate correctly the effect of variable trade costs on firms' exports, the gravity equation should control for the number of firms that participate in foreign markets. Due to the absence of these data, previous studies control for this omitted variable using econometric strategies that may also lead to inconsistent estimations. To overcome this problem the present paper estimates a gravity equation using a new database compiled by the OECD and Eurostat that reports the number of exporting firms by reporter and partner country. We show that no controlling for the extensive margin of trade introduces very serious biases in the estimated trade cost coefficients. Moreover, these biases are much larger than predicted by previous studies.

Suggested Citation

  • Asier Minondo & Francisco Requena-Silvente, 2011. "Estimating the gravity equation with the actual number of exporting firms," Working Papers 1121, Department of Applied Economics II, Universidad de Valencia.
  • Handle: RePEc:eec:wpaper:1121
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    gravity equation; exporting firms; distance; trade costs;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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