Public Infrastructure, Location of Private Schools and Quality of Schooling in an Emerging Economy
The present paper argues that local public infrastructure exerts a significant and positive effect on the presence of private school as well as the quality of schooling in Indian villages. Given historical distribution of land and ethnic composition, villages with more unequal distribution of land are more likely to have better access to public infrastructure (for given level of ethnic fractionalization), which in turn enhances the likelihood of having a private school in the village. Results using PROBE survey of household-, school- and village-level data from five north Indian states provide some support to this central hypothesis. There is also evidence that the quality of overall schooling is generally better in villages with a private school; rise of private schools however fails to affect the quality of local state schools.
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