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Does the labour market explain lower female schooling in India?

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  • Geeta Gandhi Kingdon

Abstract

Labour market discrimination against women and parental discrimination against daughters are two of the most commonly cited explanations of the gender gap in education in developing countries. This study empirically tests the labour market explanation for India using recent household survey data. The results reveal substantial omitted family background bias in the estimates of rates of return to education. The findings suggest that, as well as overall labour market discrimination, girls face poorer economic incentives to invest in schooling than boys because they reap lower labour market returns to education than boys.

Suggested Citation

  • Geeta Gandhi Kingdon, 1998. "Does the labour market explain lower female schooling in India?," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(1), pages 39-65.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jdevst:v:35:y:1998:i:1:p:39-65
    DOI: 10.1080/00220389808422554
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing
    • J32 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Nonwage Labor Costs and Benefits; Retirement Plans; Private Pensions
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand

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