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Large debt financing: syndicated loans versus corporate bonds


  • Altunbas, Yener
  • Kara, Alper
  • Marqués-Ibáñez, David


Following the introduction of the euro, the markets for large debt financing experienced a historical expansion. We investigate the financial factors behind the issuance of syndicated loans for an extensive sample of euro area non-financial corporations. For the first time we compare these factors to those of its major competitor: the corporate bond market. We find that large firms, with greater financial leverage, more (verifiable) profits and higher liquidation values tend to prefer syndicated loans. In contrast, firms with larger levels of short-term debt and those perceived by markets as having more growth opportunities favour financing through corporate bonds. JEL Classification: D40, F30, G21

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  • Altunbas, Yener & Kara, Alper & Marqués-Ibáñez, David, 2009. "Large debt financing: syndicated loans versus corporate bonds," Working Paper Series 1028, European Central Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20091028

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    1. Fungáčová, Zuzana & Godlewski, Christophe J. & Weill, Laurent, 2015. "Does the type of debt matter? Stock market perception in Europe," Research Discussion Papers 19/2015, Bank of Finland.
    2. Grupp, Marcel, 2015. "Taking the lead: When non-banks arrange syndicated loans," SAFE Working Paper Series 100, Research Center SAFE - Sustainable Architecture for Finance in Europe, Goethe University Frankfurt.
    3. Iñaki Aldasoro & Andreas Barth, 2017. "Syndicated loans and CDS positioning," ESRB Working Paper Series 58, European Systemic Risk Board.
    4. Bongini, Paola & Ferrando, Annalisa & Rossi, Emanuele & Rossolini, Monica, 2017. "Suitable or non-suitable? An investigation of Eurozone SME access to market-based finance," CEPR Discussion Papers 12006, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    6. Maskus, Keith E. & Neumann, Rebecca & Seidel, Tobias, 2012. "How national and international financial development affect industrial R&D," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 56(1), pages 72-83.
    7. Klein, Paul-Olivier & Weill, Laurent, 2016. "Why do companies issue sukuk?," Review of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 26-33.
    8. Bris, Arturo & Koskinen, Yrjö & Nilsson, Mattias, 2011. "The euro and corporate financing," Research Discussion Papers 6/2011, Bank of Finland.
    9. Juan J. Cortina & Tatiana Didier & Sergio L. Schmukler, 2017. "Corporate Debt Maturity in Developing Countries: Sources of Long- and Short-Termism," Mo.Fi.R. Working Papers 142, Money and Finance Research group (Mo.Fi.R.) - Univ. Politecnica Marche - Dept. Economic and Social Sciences.
    10. Galina Hale & Tümer Kapan & Camelia Minoiu, 2016. "Crisis Transmission in the Global Banking Network," IMF Working Papers 16/91, International Monetary Fund.
    11. Ettore Crocia & John A. Doukas & Halit Gonenc, 2010. "Family Control and Financing Decisions," Koç University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum Working Papers 1004, Koc University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum.
    12. Pessarossi, Pierre & Weill, Laurent, 2013. "Choice of corporate debt in China: The role of state ownership," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 1-16.
    13. Davydov, Denis, 2016. "Debt structure and corporate performance in emerging markets," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 299-311.
    14. Christophe Godlewski & Zuzana Fungáčová & Laurent Weill, 2011. "Stock Market Reaction to Debt Financing Arrangements in Russia," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 53(4), pages 679-693, December.
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    16. Howcroft, Barry & Kara, Alper & Marques-Ibanez, David, 2014. "Determinants of syndicated lending in European banks and the impact of the financial crisis," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 473-490.
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    18. Mircea Tiberiu Ducai, 2012. "The Bank Loans Importance, Information Asymmetry And The Impact Of Financial And Economic Crisis On Corporate Financing," Revista Tinerilor Economisti (The Young Economists Journal), University of Craiova, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, vol. 1(18), pages 29-34, April.
    19. Agliardi, Elettra & Koussis, Nicos, 2011. "Optimal capital structure and investment options in finite horizon," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 8(1), pages 28-36, March.
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    More about this item


    corporate bonds; debt choice; syndicated loans; the euro;

    JEL classification:

    • D40 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - General
    • F30 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - General
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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