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A new database for financial crises in European countries

Author

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  • Lo Duca, Marco
  • Koban, Anne
  • Basten, Marisa
  • Bengtsson, Elias
  • Klaus, Benjamin
  • Kusmierczyk, Piotr
  • Lang, Jan Hannes
  • Detken, Carsten
  • Peltonen, Tuomas A.

Abstract

This paper presents a new database for financial crises in European countries, which serves as an important step towards establishing a common ground for macroprudential oversight and policymaking in the EU. The database focuses on providing precise chronological definitions of crisis periods to support the calibration of models in macroprudential analysis. An important contribution of this work is the identification of financial crises by combining a quantitative approach based on a financial stress index with expert judgement from national and European authorities. Key innovations of this database are (i) the inclusion of qualitative information about events and policy responses, (ii) the introduction of a broad set of non-exclusive categories to classify events, and (iii) a distinction between event and post-event adjustment periods. The paper explains the two-step approach for identifying crises and other key choices in the construction of the dataset. Moreover, stylised facts about the systemic crises in the dataset are presented together with estimations of output losses and fiscal costs associated with these crises. A preliminary assessment of the performance of standard early warning indicators based on the new crises dataset confirms findings in the literature that multivariate models can improve compared to univariate signalling models. JEL Classification: G01, E44, E58, E60, H12

Suggested Citation

  • Lo Duca, Marco & Koban, Anne & Basten, Marisa & Bengtsson, Elias & Klaus, Benjamin & Kusmierczyk, Piotr & Lang, Jan Hannes & Detken, Carsten & Peltonen, Tuomas A., 2017. "A new database for financial crises in European countries," Occasional Paper Series 194, European Central Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbops:2017194
    Note: 452517
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    central bank statistics; crises database; early warning models; financial crises; macroprudential;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • E60 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - General
    • H12 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Crisis Management

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