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Health Care Services and Government Spending in Pakistan

Author

Listed:
  • Muhammad Akram

    (PIDE)

  • Faheem Jehangir Khan

Abstract

The study has been carried out to measure the incidence of government spending on health in Pakistan at provincial, both rural and urban level; using the primary data of the Pakistan Social Standard Living Measures Survey (PSLM), 2004-05, and by employing the three-step Benefit Incidence Approach (BIA) methodology. The paper reviews the national policies emphasising health services as well as the trend in access to and public sector spending on health care facilities in Pakistan. The study explores the inequalities in resource distribution and service provision against the government health expenditures. The rural areas of Pakistan are the more disadvantaged in the provision of the health care facilities. The expenditures in health sectors are overall regressive in rural Pakistan as well as at provincial and regional levels. Mother and Child subhead is regressive in Punjab and General Hospitals and Clinics are regressive in all provinces. Only the Preventive Measures and health facilities sub-sector is progressive in Pakistan. Public health expenditures are pro-rich in Pakistan.

Suggested Citation

  • Muhammad Akram & Faheem Jehangir Khan, 2007. "Health Care Services and Government Spending in Pakistan," Governance Working Papers 22184, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:eab:govern:22184
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Sakellariou, Chris & Patrinos, Harry Anthony, 2004. "Incidence analysis of public support to the private education sector in Cote d'Ivoire," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3231, The World Bank.
    2. Gemmell, Norman, 1985. "The Incidence of Government Expenditure and Redistribution in the United Kingdom," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 52(27), pages 335-344, August.
    3. Stephen D. Younger, 1999. "The Relative Progressivity of Social Services in Ecuador," Public Finance Review, , vol. 27(3), pages 310-352, May.
    4. Gupta, Sanjeev & Verhoeven, Marijn & Tiongson, Erwin R., 2002. "The effectiveness of government spending on education and health care in developing and transition economies," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 18(4), pages 717-737, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:ksp:journ1:v:4:y:2017:i:2:p:203-214 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Asian Development Bank (ADB), 2013. "Empowerment and Public Service Delivery in Developing Asia and the Pacific," ADB Reports RPT135565-3, Asian Development Bank (ADB), revised 15 May 2013.
    3. Uzma Afzal & Anam Yusuf, 2013. "The State of Health in Pakistan: An Overview," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 18(Special E), pages 233-247, September.
    4. Syed Shujaat AHMED & Asif JAVED, 2017. "The Effect of Public Sector Development Expenditures and Investment on Economic Growth: Evidence from Pakistan," Journal of Economics and Political Economy, KSP Journals, vol. 4(2), pages 203-214, June.
    5. Muhammad Qasim & Amatul Razzaq Chaudhary, 2015. "Determinants of Human Development Disparities: A Cross District Analysis of Punjab, Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 54(4), pages 427-446.
    6. Ather H. Akbari & Wimal Rankaduwa & Adiqa K. Kiani, 2009. "Demand for Public Health Care in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 48(2), pages 141-153.
    7. Fatima Boussalem & Zina Boussalem & Abdelaziz Taiba, 2014. "The Relationship between public spending on health and economic growth in Algeria: Testing for Cointegration and Causality," Proceedings of International Academic Conferences 0101004, International Institute of Social and Economic Sciences.
    8. Haq, Rashida & Arshad, Nabeela, 2007. "Poverty and Access to Maternal Health Care Services in Pakistan: Evidence from Perception Based Data," MPRA Paper 38946, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2008.
    9. repec:rss:jnljee:v4i4p1 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Ufaq Adeel, 2016. "Impact of Government Expenditure on Health Sector of Pakistan," Bulletin of Business and Economics (BBE), Research Foundation for Humanity (RFH), vol. 5(4), pages 177-192, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    health; Expenditure; Public Policy; Gini; Concentration Coefficient; Mother and Child; Preventive Measures; Hospital and Clinics;

    JEL classification:

    • H51 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Health
    • H53 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs
    • I11 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Analysis of Health Care Markets
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure

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