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Inequality in Education: Evidence for Latin America

Author

Listed:
  • Guillermo Cruces

    (CEDLAS-UNLP, CONICET and IZA)

  • Carolina García Domench

    (CEDLAS-UNLP)

  • Leonardo Gasparini

    (CEDLAS-UNLP)

Abstract

This paper provides original empirical evidence on the evolution of education inequality for all Latin American countries over the decades of 1990 and 2000. The analysis covers a wide range of issues on differences in educational outcomes and opportunities across the population, including inequality in years of education, gaps in school enrollment, wage skill differentials and public social expenditure. The evidence indicates a significant difference between the 1990s and the 2000s in terms of both the assessment of the equity of the education expansion and its impact on the income distribution. In particular, the changes in the 2000s seem to have had a full equalizing impact on earnings given the more pro-poor pattern of the education upgrading and a more stable or even increasing relative demand for low skill labor.

Suggested Citation

  • Guillermo Cruces & Carolina García Domench & Leonardo Gasparini, 2012. "Inequality in Education: Evidence for Latin America," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0135, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
  • Handle: RePEc:dls:wpaper:0135
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    File URL: http://cedlas.econo.unlp.edu.ar/archivos_upload/doc_cedlas135.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Gasparini, Leonardo & Galiani, Sebastian & Cruces, Guillermo & Acosta, Pablo A., 2011. "Educational Upgrading and Returns to Skills in Latin America: Evidence from a Supply-Demand Framework, 1990-2010," IZA Discussion Papers 6244, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    2. Javier Alejo, 2013. "Relación de Kuznets en América Latina. Explorando más allá de la media condicional," Económica, Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, vol. 59, pages 3-55, January-D.
    3. Barro, Robert J & Lee, Jong-Wha, 2001. "International Data on Educational Attainment: Updates and Implications," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 53(3), pages 541-563, July.
    4. Barro, Robert J. & Lee, Jong Wha, 2013. "A new data set of educational attainment in the world, 1950–2010," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 184-198.
    5. Leonardo Gasparini & David Jaume & Monserrat Serio & Emmanuel Vazquez, 2011. "La segregación escolar en Argentina. Reconstruyendo la Evidencia," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0123, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    Cited by:

    1. Marina Bassi & Matias Busso & Juan Sebastián Muñoz, 2014. "Is the Glass Half Empty or Half Full? Enrollment, Graduation, and Dropout Rates in Latin America," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0170, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
    2. Zamora, Christian Marvin B. & Dorado, Rowena A., 2015. "Rural-Urban Education Inequality in the Philippines Using Decomposition Analysis," Journal of Economics, Management & Agricultural Development, Journal of Economics, Management & Agricultural Development (JEMAD), vol. 1(1), June.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    education; inequality; enrollment; wage premium; Latin America;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality
    • I25 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Economic Development
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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