Mortality risks and child labor
In this paper, we investigate the role of young adult mortality on child labor and educational decisions. We show that, in the absence of appropriate insurance mechanisms, the level of child labor is inefficient. It may be too high if parents are not very altruistic and anticipate positive transfers from their children in the future, but it can also be too low, in particular when parents expect to make positive transfers to their children in the future. Imperfect capital markets unambiguously increase the equilibrium level of child labor. We also show that a cash transfer conditional on child’s schooling can always restore efficiency regarding child labor.
|Date of creation:||01 Jun 2005|
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- George Psacharopoulos, 1997. "Child labor versus educational attainment Some evidence from Latin America," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 10(4), pages 377-386.
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2116, The World Bank.
- Ravallion, Martin & Wodon, Quentin, 2000. "Does Child Labour Displace Schooling? Evidence on Behavioural Responses to an Enrollment Subsidy," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 110(462), pages C158-75, March.
- Jean-Marie Baland & James A. Robinson, 2000. "Is Child Labor Inefficient?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 108(4), pages 663-679, August.
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