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Child labor versus educational attainment Some evidence from Latin America

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  • George Psacharopoulos

    () (The World Bank, Washington, DC 20433, USA)

Abstract

The paper addresses the issue of child labor in relation to the educational attainment of working children. The empirical analysis is based on household surveys in Bolivia and Venezuela. It was found that labor force participation is non-trivial among those below the legal working age or supposed to be in school. Working children contribute significantly to total household income. The fact that a child is working reduces his or her educational attainment by about 2 years of schooling relative to the control group of non-working children. Grade repetition, a common phenomenon in Latin America, is closely associated with child labor. JEL classification: J13, J21, I21

Suggested Citation

  • George Psacharopoulos, 1997. "Child labor versus educational attainment Some evidence from Latin America," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 10(4), pages 377-386.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:10:y:1997:i:4:p:377-386
    Note: Received May 2, 1996/Accepted August 14, 1996
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    Keywords

    Child labor · educational attainment · Bolivia · Venezuela;

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education

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