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Population Dynamics and Regional Social Security Sustainability in Italy

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  • Mariangela Bonasia
  • Rita De Siano

Abstract

Making due allowances for differences in demographics, the labour market and internal migration dynamics, this study analyses the sustainability of the Italian pension balance at a regional level. A worsening of the elderly dependency ratio and a decline in birth and employment rates have generated a negative trend particularly for regions in southern Italy, characterized by early retirement and an increase in migration outflows. The suggestion is that a decentralized pension policy is not a Pareto-efficient solution because it would favour the sustainability of the pension balance in northern regions over those in the South.

Suggested Citation

  • Mariangela Bonasia & Rita De Siano, 2012. "Population Dynamics and Regional Social Security Sustainability in Italy," Discussion Papers 14_2012, CRISEI, University of Naples "Parthenope", Italy.
  • Handle: RePEc:crj:dpaper:14_2012
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    Cited by:

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Demographic aging; public pensions; interregional migration; regional differences; panel data analysis.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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