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Taxonomía de la informalidad en América Latina

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  • Cristina Fernández
  • Leonardo Villar

Abstract

El análisis de la informalidad en América Latina es complejo, no sólo por la dificultad para homologar conceptos y mediciones; sino también por divergencias en el tipo de informalidad que enfrentan los países. Mientras que, en algunos países como Chile y México, la informalidad tiende a ser el resultado de una decisión; en países como Colombia y Perú hay muchos trabajadores que son informales porque no cuentan con ninguna alternativa de trabajo, debido a su baja productividad o a las altas barreras de entrada al sector formal. Identificar la composición de la informalidad es fundamental a la hora de realizar recomendaciones de política para cada país. El aporte principal de este trabajo consiste en: (i) compatibilizar algunas cifras y conceptos del mercado laboral y generar una medida homogénea de informalidad, a partir de las encuestas de hogares de algunos países de América Latina (Perú, Colombia, Brasil, México, Argentina, Uruguay y Chile); (ii) estimar, en la medida de lo posible, y caracterizar la composición de la informalidad de acuerdo a los criterios establecidos por Fernández, Lilenstein, Oothusien y Villar (2016) para los países seleccionados y para el agregado de estos países, y (iii) analizar la pertinencia y efectividad de las políticas de formalización que se han implementado recientemente a la luz de esta taxonomía.

Suggested Citation

  • Cristina Fernández & Leonardo Villar, 2017. "Taxonomía de la informalidad en América Latina," Working Papers Series. Documentos de Trabajo 15814, Fedesarrollo.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000123:015814
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Cristina Fernández, 2019. "Empleo y emprendimiento en Bogotá," Informes de Investigación 17931, Fedesarrollo.
    2. Fernández, Cristina & Suecún, Cecilia, 2023. "Automation of the labor force and informality with focus on the Colombian case," Informes de Investigación 21023, Fedesarrollo.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Informalidad; América Latina; Recomendaciones de política;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy
    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality

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