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Río Cauca: la geografía económica de su área de influencia

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  • Gerson Javier Pérez-Valbuena

    ()

  • Alí Miguel Arrieta-Arrieta
  • José Gregorio Contreras-Anaya

Abstract

A través del análisis de indicadores sociales, económicos, medioambientales y de cambio climático, este documento ofrece un diagnóstico de la situación actual de la población localizada en el área de influencia del río Cauca. Para ello se tienen en cuenta los municipios contiguos al río (vecinos de primer orden) y los contiguos a estos (vecinos de segundo orden). Los resultados indican que, contrario a lo que ocurre en economías más desarrolladas, la cercanía al río no es sinónimo de mejores condiciones socioeconómicas ni de una mayor calidad de vida. Por el contrario, esta población enfrenta un rezago relativo cuando se compara con el resto del país, lo cual es particularmente evidente en la parte correspondiente a la región Caribe. Los indicadores medioambientales y de cambio climático muestran también una significativa vulnerabilidad y con alto impacto potencial sobre las poblaciones vecinas al río. ******ABSTRACT: By analyzing social, economic, environmental, and climate change related indicators this paper offers an updated diagnostic on the population located in the catchment area of the Cauca River. To do so, we consider those municipalities adjacent to the river (first order neighbors) as well as their corresponding neighbor municipalities (second order neighbors). Results show that, contrary to the experience of more developed economies, the proximity to the river does not necessarily mean better socioeconomic conditions, or a higher quality of life. Conversely, this population deals with a relative lag when compared with the rest of the country, situation that is even more evident in the corresponding part of the Caribbean region. The environmental and climate change indicators also show a significant vulnerability with considerable potential impact on the population in the catchment area of the river.

Suggested Citation

  • Gerson Javier Pérez-Valbuena & Alí Miguel Arrieta-Arrieta & José Gregorio Contreras-Anaya, 2015. "Río Cauca: la geografía económica de su área de influencia," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 013840, Banco de la República - Economía Regional.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:013840
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    Keywords

    Río Cauca; desarrollo económico; geografía económica; Colombia;

    JEL classification:

    • I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General

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