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La economía anfibia de la isla de Mompox

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  • Joaquín Viloria de la Hoz

    ()

Abstract

El objetivo del documento es analizar las actividades económicas de la subregión Isla de Mompox y sus interrelaciones con el medio natural y la calidad de vida de su población. La isla de Mompox está ubicada en el departamento de Bolívar, zona del Bajo Magdalena y la conforman seis municipios enmarcados por los brazos de Mompox y Loba: Cicuco, Talaigua Nuevo, Mompox, San Fernando, Margarita y Hatillo de Loba. Esta subregión se inunda gran parte del año, convirtiéndose en un enorme reto para la población y para la economía anfibia de la subregión. A pesar de su aislamiento y pobreza, en este hábitat de humedales los habitantes de la depresión Momposina han establecido una cultura y una economía anfibia, para adaptarse al medio natural. Estas particularidades geográficas y culturales fueron destacadas por el sociólogo Orlando Fals Borda, quien defendió la creación del Departamento de la Depresión Momposina. La propuesta para este nuevo departamento fue incluida en el Plan de Desarrollo Nacional 2010-2014. ABSTRACT: The purpose of this paper is to analyze the economic activities in the subregion of the Mompox Island and its relationship with the natural environment and quality of life of its population. Mompox Island is located in the department of Bolivar,in the Lower Magdalena zone and comprises six municipalities sorrounded by the arms of Mompox and Loba: Cicuco, Talaigua Nuevo, Mompox, San Fernando, Margarita and Hatillo de Loba. This subregion is flooded during most of the year, becoming a tragedy for the inhabitants and their amphibious economy. Despite their isolation and poverty, the inhabitants of the Depresion Momposina have developed a culture and an amphibious economy, as an attempt to adapt to the environment. These geographical and cultural particularities were highlighted by the Colombian sociologist Orlando Fals Borda, who proposed the creation of the Department of Depresion Momposina. The proposal for the new department was included in the National Development Plan 2010-2014.

Suggested Citation

  • Joaquín Viloria de la Hoz, 2011. "La economía anfibia de la isla de Mompox," DOCUMENTOS DE TRABAJO SOBRE ECONOMÍA REGIONAL Y URBANA 008830, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA - ECONOMÍA REGIONAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000102:008830
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    Keywords

    Isla de Mompox; Depresión Momposina; economía local; medio ambiente; humedales; inundaciones.;

    JEL classification:

    • Q1 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture
    • Q13 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • Q22 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Fishery

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