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No Longer Poor: Ghana’s New Income Status and Implications of Graduation from IDA


  • Todd Moss
  • Stephanie Majerowicz


Ghana’s largest and most important creditor for the past three decades has been the International Development Association (IDA), the soft loan window of the World Bank. That will soon come to an end. The combination of Ghana’s rapid economic growth and the recent GDP rebasing exercise means that Ghana suddenly finds itself above the income limit for IDA eligibility. Formal graduation is imminent and comes with significant implications for access to concessional finance, debt, and relations with other creditors. This paper considers the specific questions related to Ghana’s relationship with the World Bank, as well as the broader questions about the country’s new middle-income status.

Suggested Citation

  • Todd Moss & Stephanie Majerowicz, 2012. "No Longer Poor: Ghana’s New Income Status and Implications of Graduation from IDA," Working Papers 300, Center for Global Development.
  • Handle: RePEc:cgd:wpaper:300

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Todd Moss and Ben Leo, 2011. "IDA at 65: Heading Toward Retirement or a Fragile Lease on Life? - Working Paper 246," Working Papers 246, Center for Global Development.
    2. Alan Gelb and Stephanie Majerowicz, 2011. "Oil for Uganda – or Ugandans? Can Cash Transfers Prevent the Resource Curse? - Working Paper 261," Working Papers 261, Center for Global Development.
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    Cited by:

    1. Sebastian Galiani & Stephen Knack & Lixin Colin Xu & Ben Zou, 2017. "The effect of aid on growth: evidence from a Quasi-experiment," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 22(1), pages 1-33, March.
    2. Adam, Antonis & Tsarsitalidou, Sofia, 2020. "The effect of international development assistance (IDA) on conflict. A fuzzy regression discontinuity approach," MPRA Paper 101841, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Kanbur, Ravi, 2017. "Citizenship, Migration and Opportunity," CEPR Discussion Papers 12255, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Carrie B Dolan & McKinley Saunders & Ariel BenYishay, 2020. "Childhood health and the changing distribution of foreign aid: Evidence from Nigeria's transition to lower-middle-income status," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 15(11), pages 1-13, November.
    5. Koduah, Augustina & Agyepong, Irene Akua & van Dijk, Han, 2016. "‘The one with the purse makes policy’: Power, problem definition, framing and maternal health policies and programmes evolution in national level institutionalised policy making processes in Ghana," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 167(C), pages 79-87.
    6. David Black, 2020. "Development co‐operation and the partnership–ownership nexus: Lessons from the Canada–Ghana experience," Development Policy Review, Overseas Development Institute, vol. 38(S1), pages 112-132, May.
    7. Knack, Stephen & Xu, Lixin Colin & Zou, Ben, 2014. "Interactions among donors'aid allocations : evidence from an exogenous World Bank income threshold," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7039, The World Bank.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E01 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General - - - Measurement and Data on National Income and Product Accounts and Wealth; Environmental Accounts
    • E65 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Studies of Particular Policy Episodes
    • H50 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - General
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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