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Moral Hazard and Bargaining over Incentive Contracts

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  • Marcus Dittrich
  • Silvio Städter

Abstract

This paper analyses bargaining over an incentive compatible contract in a moral hazard framework. We introduce the Kalai-Smorodinsky bargaining solution and compare the outcome with the commonly applied Nash solution. Whether worker’s effort is higher in the Nash or the Kalai-Smorodinsky solution depends on the agents. bargaining power. If agents have equal bargaining power, the contract in the Kalai-Smorodinsky solution yields a more efficient outcome and induces more effort. The social planner can mitigate inefficiencies arising in both bargaining solutions from the moral hazard problem and even achieve the first-best outcome by allocating the agents’ bargaining power. If raising the worker’s bargaining power is necessary to achieve the first-best solution, this increase must be higher in the Nash solution than in the Kalai-Smorodinsky solution.

Suggested Citation

  • Marcus Dittrich & Silvio Städter, 2014. "Moral Hazard and Bargaining over Incentive Contracts," CESifo Working Paper Series 4920, CESifo Group Munich.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_4920
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Sanxi Li & Hailin Sun & Jianye Yan & Xundong Yin, 2015. "Risk aversion in the Nash bargaining problem with uncertainty," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 115(3), pages 257-274, July.
    2. Michela Cella & Federico Etro, 2016. "Contract competition between hierarchies, managerial compensation and imperfectly correlated shocks," Journal of Economics, Springer, vol. 118(3), pages 193-218, July.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    incentive contracts; moral hazard; Nash bargaining solution; Kalai-Smorodinsky solution; bargaining power;

    JEL classification:

    • C71 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Cooperative Games
    • D82 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design
    • J41 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Labor Contracts

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