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Smoking Habits: Like Father, Like Son, Like Mother, Like Daughter


  • Maria L. Loureiro
  • Anna Sanz-de-Galdeano
  • Daniela Vuri


We use instrumental variable methods to investigate whether the impact of parental smoking habits on their children’s smoking decisions is a causal one. We find evidence of same-sex role models in two-parent households: mothers play a crucial role in determining their daughters’ smoking decisions, while fathers’ smoking habits are primarily imitated by their sons.

Suggested Citation

  • Maria L. Loureiro & Anna Sanz-de-Galdeano & Daniela Vuri, 2009. "Smoking Habits: Like Father, Like Son, Like Mother, Like Daughter," CESifo Working Paper Series 2782, CESifo Group Munich.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_2782

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    More about this item


    youth smoking; intergenerational habit transmission; multivariate probit; instrumental variables;

    JEL classification:

    • C50 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - General
    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General


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