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Land Use Regulation and Productivity - Land Matters: Evidence from a UK Supermarket Chain

  • Paul Cheshire
  • Christian A. L. Hilber
  • Ioannis Kaplanis

We use store-specific data for a UK supermarket chain to estimate the impact of planning on store output. Exploiting the variation in policies between England and other UK countries, we isolate the impact of Town Centre First (TCF) policies introduced in England. We find they directly reduced output by forcing stores onto less productive sites. We estimate TCF policies imposed a loss of output of 32 percent on a representative store opening after their rigorous implementation in 1996. Additionally, we show that, household numbers constant, more restrictive local authorities have fewer stores and lower chain sales within their areas.

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Paper provided by Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE in its series SERC Discussion Papers with number 0138.

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Date of creation: Aug 2013
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Handle: RePEc:cep:sercdp:0138
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.spatialeconomics.ac.uk/SERC/publications/default.asp

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  1. Raffaella Sadun, 2008. "Does planning regulation protect independent retailers?," CentrePiece - The Magazine for Economic Performance 258, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  2. Richard K. Green & Stephen Malpezzi & Stephen K. Mayo, 2005. "Metropolitan-Specific Estimates of the Price Elasticity of Supply of Housing, and Their Sources," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 95(2), pages 334-339, May.
  3. Hilber, Christian A. L. & Robert-Nicoud, Frédéric, 2012. "On the Origins of Land Use Regulations: Theory and Evidence from US Metro Areas," CEPR Discussion Papers 9206, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Smarzynska, Beata K., 2002. "Does foreign direct investment increase the productivity of domestic firms : in search of spillovers through backward linkages," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2923, The World Bank.
  5. Bertrand, Marianne & Kramarz, Francis, 2002. "Does Entry Regulation Hinder Job Creation? Evidence from the French Retail Industry," IZA Discussion Papers 415, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Paul Cheshire & Christian A. L. Hilber & Ioannis Kaplanis, 2011. "Evaluating the effects of planning policies on the retail sector: or do town centre first policies deliver the goods?," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 31757, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  7. Fabiano Schivardi & Eliana Viviano, 2010. "Entry Barriers in Retail Trade," Working Papers CELEG 1003, Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza, LUISS Guido Carli.
  8. C.J. Krizan & John Haltiwanger & Lucia Foster, 2002. "The Link Between Aggregate and Micro Productivity Growth: Evidence from Retail Trade," Working Papers 02-18, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  9. Paul Cheshire & Christian A.L. Hilber, 2008. "Office space supply restrictions in Britain: the political economy of market revenge," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 4372, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  10. Albert Saiz, 2010. "The Geographic Determinants of Housing Supply," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 125(3), pages 1253-1296.
  11. Haskel, Jonathan & Sadun, Raffaella, 2009. "Regulation and UK Retailing Productivity: Evidence from Micro Data," CEPR Discussion Papers 7140, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  12. David Bell & Christian Hilber, 2006. "An empirical test of the Theory of Sales: Do household storage constraints affect consumer and store behavior?," Quantitative Marketing and Economics, Springer, vol. 4(2), pages 87-117, June.
  13. Zvi Griliches & Jacques Mairesse, 1995. "Production Functions: The Search for Identification," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1719, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
  14. Rachel Griffith & Heike Harmgart, 2005. "Retail productivity," IFS Working Papers W05/07, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  15. Griffith, Rachel & Harmgart, Heike, 2008. "Supermarkets and Planning Regulation," CEPR Discussion Papers 6713, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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