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Home Equity Lending, Credit Constraints and Small Business in the US

Author

Listed:
  • William D. Lastrapes
  • Ian Schmutte
  • Thor Watson

Abstract

We use Texas's constitutional amendment in 1997 that expanded the scope of home equity loans as a source of exogenous variation to estimate the effects of relaxing credit constraints on small businesses. We find, using standard panel data methods and restricted-use microdata from the US Census Bureau, that the Texas amendment increased the use of home equity finance by small businesses, increased new business and job creation and reduced establishment exit and job loss. The effects are larger and significant for businesses with fewer than ten employees.

Suggested Citation

  • William D. Lastrapes & Ian Schmutte & Thor Watson, 2020. "Home Equity Lending, Credit Constraints and Small Business in the US," Working Papers 20-32, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  • Handle: RePEc:cen:wpaper:20-32
    as

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    File URL: https://www2.census.gov/ces/wp/2020/CES-WP-20-32.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Robert W. Fairlie & Alicia M. Robb, 2008. "Race and Entrepreneurial Success: Black-, Asian-, and White-Owned Businesses in the United States," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 026206281x, February.
    2. Evans, David S & Jovanovic, Boyan, 1989. "An Estimated Model of Entrepreneurial Choice under Liquidity Constraints," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(4), pages 808-827, August.
    3. Laerkholm Jensen, Thais & Leth-Petersen, Søren & Nanda, Ramana, 2014. "Housing Collateral, Credit Constraints and Entrepreneurship - Evidence from a Mortgage Reform," CEPR Discussion Papers 10260, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Thais Lærkholm Jensen & Søren Leth-Petersen & Ramana Nanda, 2014. "Financing Constraints, Home Equity and Selection into Entrepreneurship," NBER Working Papers 20583, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    natural experiment; Texas; entrepreneur; difference-in-differences;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • M2 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Economics
    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
    • R0 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General
    • E0 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General

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