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The Tradability Of Services: Geographic Concentration And Trade Costs

Author

Listed:
  • Antoine Gervais
  • J. Bradford Jensen

Abstract

We develop a methodology for estimating the “tradability” of goods and services using data on U.S. establishments. Our results show that the average service industry is less tradable than the average manufacturing industry. However, there is considerable within-sector variation in estimated tradability and many service industries are as tradable as manufacturing. Tradable service industries account for a significant share of economic activity and workers employed in those industries have relatively high average wages. Counterfactual analysis indicates that the potential welfare gains from policy liberalization in service trade are of the same order of magnitude as liberalization in the manufacturing sector.

Suggested Citation

  • Antoine Gervais & J. Bradford Jensen, 2014. "The Tradability Of Services: Geographic Concentration And Trade Costs," Working Papers 14-03, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  • Handle: RePEc:cen:wpaper:14-03
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    File URL: https://www2.census.gov/ces/wp/2014/CES-WP-14-03.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Bernard, Andrew B. & Bradford Jensen, J., 1999. "Exceptional exporter performance: cause, effect, or both?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 1-25, February.
    2. Breinlich, Holger & Criscuolo, Chiara, 2011. "International trade in services: A portrait of importers and exporters," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(2), pages 188-206, July.
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    5. Ellison, Glenn & Glaeser, Edward L, 1997. "Geographic Concentration in U.S. Manufacturing Industries: A Dartboard Approach," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(5), pages 889-927, October.
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    10. James E. Anderson & Catherine A. Milot & Yoto V. Yotov, 2011. "The Incidence of Geography on Canada's Services Trade," NBER Working Papers 17630, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. Jeremy T. Fox & Valérie Smeets, 2011. "Does Input Quality Drive Measured Differences In Firm Productivity?," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 52(4), pages 961-989, November.
    12. Gary Clyde Hufbauer & Jeffrey J. Schott & Woan Foong Wong, 2010. "Figuring Out the Doha Round," Peterson Institute Press: Policy Analyses in International Economics, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number pa91, October.
    13. Robert C. Feenstra & Robert E. Lipsey & Lee G. Branstetter & C. Fritz Foley & James Harrigan & J. Bradford Jensen & Lori Kletzer & Catherine Mann & Peter K. Schott & Greg C. Wright, 2010. "Report on the State of Available Data for the Study of International Trade and Foreign Direct Investment," NBER Working Papers 16254, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    14. Runjuan Liu & Daniel Trefler, 2008. "Much Ado About Nothing: American Jobs and the Rise of Service Outsourcing to China and India," NBER Working Papers 14061, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    15. Hoekman, Bernard, 2006. "Liberalizing trade in services : a survey," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4030, The World Bank.
    16. Egger, Peter & Larch, Mario & Staub, Kevin E, 2012. "Trade Preferences and Bilateral Trade in Goods and Services: A Structural Approach," CEPR Discussion Papers 9051, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Sophie Piton, 2017. "A European Disease? Non-tradable Inflation and Real Interest Rate Divergence," CESifo Economic Studies, CESifo, vol. 63(2), pages 210-234.
    2. Arnarson, Björn Thor & Gullstrand, Joakim, 2016. "Linking Services to Manufacturing Exports," Working Papers 2016:27, Lund University, Department of Economics, revised 24 Feb 2017.
    3. Antoine Gervais, 2015. "Multiregional Firms and Region Switching in the US Manufacturing Sector," Working Papers 15-22, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    4. Omar Bamieh & Matteo Fiorini & Bernard Hoekman and Adam Jakubik, 2017. "Services Input Intensity and US Manufacturing Employment. Responses to the China Shock," RSCAS Working Papers 2017/39, European University Institute.
    5. repec:bla:worlde:v:40:y:2017:i:6:p:1155-1183 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Lederman,Daniel & Pienknagura,Samuel Jaime & Rojas,Diego, 2015. "Latent trade diversification and its relevance for macroeconomic stability," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7332, The World Bank.
    7. repec:cup:intorg:v:71:y:2017:i:03:p:423-457_00 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Philippe Frocrain & Pierre-Noël Giraud, 2017. "The evolution of tradable and non-tradable employment: evidence from France," Working Papers hal-01695159, HAL.
    9. repec:eee:jeeman:v:88:y:2018:i:c:p:95-113 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. repec:fip:fedles:00098 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Jensen, J. Bradford & Quinn, Dennis P. & Weymouth, Stephen, 2017. "Winners and Losers in International Trade: The Effects on US Presidential Voting," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 71(03), pages 423-457, June.
    12. Holladay, J. Scott & Mohsin, Mohammed & Pradhan, Shreekar, 2018. "Emissions leakage, environmental policy and trade frictions," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 88(C), pages 95-113.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Service sector; international trade; imperfect competition; microdata; trade liberalization.;

    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade

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