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Discriminación salarial en el mercado de trabajo español con especial referencia al caso de Andalucía

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Abstract

El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar cuáles son los factores que contribuyen a explicar las diferencias salariales entre hombres y mujeres en España y en Andalucía como caso particular. Para ello, se utiliza una variante al Método de Descomposición Salarial de Blinder-Oaxaca, en el cual se tiene en cuenta la censura de los datos salariales utilizados y se estiman ecuaciones de salarios suponiendo que la varianza no es constante sino dependiente de distintas características individuales. Utilizando estas técnicas y datos administrativos procedentes de un fichero de la Seguridad Social, los resultados indican que aproximadamente un 83% de las diferencias salariales medias, 17.3 puntos porcentuales, pueden ser consecuencia de la discriminación. Además, la cualificación requerida para un trabajo parece ser una fuente muy importante para explicar las diferencias salariales discriminatorias. Con respecto a Andalucía, encontramos evidencia de una menor discriminación salarial, en torno al 72.5% de los 17.7 puntos porcentuales observados en las diferencias salariales.

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  • José Ignacio García Pérez & María Dolores Morales López, 2006. "Discriminación salarial en el mercado de trabajo español con especial referencia al caso de Andalucía," Economic Working Papers at Centro de Estudios Andaluces E2006/18, Centro de Estudios Andaluces.
  • Handle: RePEc:cea:doctra:e2006_18
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    1. Hipólito Simón, 2006. "Diferencias salariales entre hombres y mujeres en España: una comparación internacional con datos emparejados empresa-trabajador," Investigaciones Economicas, Fundación SEPI, vol. 30(1), pages 55-87, January.
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    14. repec:adr:anecst:y:2003:i:71-72:p:13 is not listed on IDEAS
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    Keywords

    discriminación Salarial; descomposición Oaxaca-Blinder; modelos censurados; Andalucía.;

    JEL classification:

    • C34 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Truncated and Censored Models; Switching Regression Models
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing

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