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Simulation and Evaluation of Zonal Electricity Market Designs

Author

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  • Hesamzadeh, M.
  • Holmberg, P.
  • Sarfati, M.

Abstract

Zonal pricing with countertrading (a market-based redispatch) gives arbitrage opportunities to the power producers located in the export-constrained nodes. They can increase their profit by increasing the output in the day-ahead market and decrease it in the real-time market (the inc-dec game). We show that this leads to large inefficiencies in a standard zonal market. We also show how the inefficiencies can be significantly mitigated by changing the design of the real-time market. We consider a two-stage game with oligopoly producers, wind-power shocks and real-time shocks. The game is formulated as a two-stage stochastic equilibrium problem with equilibrium constraints (EPEC), which we recast into a two-stage stochastic Mixed-Integer Bilinear Program (MIBLP). We present numerical results for a six-node and the IEEE 24-node system.

Suggested Citation

  • Hesamzadeh, M. & Holmberg, P. & Sarfati, M., 2018. "Simulation and Evaluation of Zonal Electricity Market Designs," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1829, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
  • Handle: RePEc:cam:camdae:1829
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Steven Gabriel & Sauleh Siddiqui & Antonio Conejo & Carlos Ruiz, 2013. "Solving Discretely-Constrained Nash–Cournot Games with an Application to Power Markets," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 13(3), pages 307-326, September.
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    5. Chao, Hung-Po & Peck, Stephen C, 1998. "Reliability Management in Competitive Electricity Markets," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 14(2), pages 189-200, September.
    6. Xinmin Hu & Daniel Ralph, 2007. "Using EPECs to Model Bilevel Games in Restructured Electricity Markets with Locational Prices," Operations Research, INFORMS, vol. 55(5), pages 809-827, October.
    7. Holmberg, Pär & Lazarczyk, Ewa, 2012. "Congestion Management in Electricity Networks: Nodal, Zonal and Discriminatory Pricing," Working Paper Series 915, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
    8. Steven Stoft, 1999. "Financial Transmission Rights Meet Cournot: How TCCs Curb Market Power," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 1), pages 1-23.
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    12. Bjorndal, Mette & Jornsten, Kurt, 2007. "Benefits from coordinating congestion management--The Nordic power market," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 1978-1991, March.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Spodniak, Petr & Ollikka, Kimmo & Honkapuro, Samuli, 2019. "The Relevance of Wholesale Electricity Market Places: The Nordic Case," Working Papers 126, VATT Institute for Economic Research.
    2. Sarfati, M. & Hesamzadeh, M-R. & Holmberg, P., 2019. "Production efficiency of nodal and zonal pricing in imperfectly competitive electricity markets," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1919, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    3. M. Sarfati & M.R. Hesamzadeh & P. Holmberg, 2018. "Increase-Decrease Game under Imperfect Competition in Two-stage Zonal Power Markets – Part I: Concept Analysis," Working Papers EPRG 1837, Energy Policy Research Group, Cambridge Judge Business School, University of Cambridge.
    4. Sarfati, Mahir & Hesamzadeh, Mohammad Reza & Holmberg, Pär, 2018. "Increase-Decrease Game under Imperfect Competition in Two-stage Zonal Power Markets –​ Part I: Concept Analysis," Working Paper Series 1253, Research Institute of Industrial Economics.
    5. Holmberg, Pär & Tangerås, Thomas & Ahlqvist, Victor, 2018. "Central- versus Self-Dispatch in Electricity Markets," Working Paper Series 1257, Research Institute of Industrial Economics, revised 27 Mar 2019.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Two-stage game; Zonal pricing; Wholesale electricity market; Bilinear programming;

    JEL classification:

    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • C63 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computational Techniques
    • C72 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Noncooperative Games
    • D43 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection
    • D47 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Market Design
    • L13 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets
    • L94 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Electric Utilities

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