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Income-Induced Expenditure Switching

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  • Rudolfs Bems
  • Julian di Giovanni

Abstract

This paper shows that an income effect can drive expenditure switching between domestic and imported goods. We use a unique Latvian scanner-level dataset, covering the 2008-09 crisis, to document several empirical findings. First, expenditure switching accounted for one-third of the fall in imports, and took place within narrowly-defined product groups. Second, there was no corresponding within-group change in relative prices. Third, consumers substituted from expensive imports to cheaper domestic alternatives. These findings motivate us to estimate a model of non-homothetic consumer demand, which explains two-thirds of the observed expenditure switching. Estimated switching is driven by income, not changes in relative prices.

Suggested Citation

  • Rudolfs Bems & Julian di Giovanni, 2016. "Income-Induced Expenditure Switching," Working Papers 922, Barcelona School of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:bge:wpaper:922
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    Cited by:

    1. Rudolfs Bems & Julian di Giovanni, 2016. "Income-Induced Expenditure Switching," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 106(12), pages 3898-3931, December.
    2. Chen, Natalie & Juvenal, Luciana, 2018. "Quality and the Great Trade Collapse," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 135(C), pages 59-76.
    3. Makram El‐Shagi & William C. Sawyer & Kiril Tochkov, 2022. "The income elasticity of import demand: A meta‐survey," Pacific Economic Review, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 27(1), pages 18-41, February.
    4. Ginters Buss & Patrick Gruning, 2020. "Fiscal DSGE Model for Latvia," Working Papers 2020/05, Latvijas Banka.
    5. Gyöngyösi, Győző & Rariga, Judit & Verner, Emil, 2021. "The anatomy of consumption in a household foreign currency debt crisis," SAFE Working Paper Series 332, Leibniz Institute for Financial Research SAFE.
    6. Javier Cravino & Andrei A. Levchenko, 2017. "The Distributional Consequences of Large Devaluations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 107(11), pages 3477-3509, November.
    7. Auer, Raphael A. & Sauré, Philip, 2017. "Dynamic entry in vertically differentiated markets," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 167(C), pages 177-205.
    8. Raphael Auer & Ariel Burstein & Sarah M. Lein & Jonathan Vogel, 2022. "Unequal Expenditure Switching: Evidence from Switzerland," NBER Working Papers 29757, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Rodnyansky, Alexander & Van der Ghote, Alejandro & Wales, Daniel, 2022. "Product quality, measured inflation and monetary policy," Working Paper Series 2680, European Central Bank.
    10. David, Joel M. & Schmid, Lukas & Zeke, David, 2022. "Risk-adjusted capital allocation and misallocation," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 145(3), pages 684-705.
    11. David, Joel & Schmid, Lukas & Zeke, David, 2018. "Risk-Adjusted Capital Allocation and Misallocation," CEPR Discussion Papers 13205, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    12. Konstantins Benkovskis, 2015. "Misallocation of Resources in Latvia: Did Anything Change During the Crisis?," Working Papers 2015/05, Latvijas Banka.
    13. Colin Hottman & Surabhi Ghai, 2019. "Exchange Rates, Product Variety, and Substitution in U.S. Scanner Data," 2019 Meeting Papers 1059, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    14. Goetz, D. & Rodnyansky, A., 2019. "Exchange Rate Shocks and Quality Adjustments," Cambridge Working Papers in Economics 1915, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge.
    15. Suah, Jing Lian, 2020. "Veiled Expectations: The Heterogeneous Impact of Exchange Rate Shocks at the Sectoral-Level," MPRA Paper 109086, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Alessandro Turrini & Stefan Zeugner, 2016. "Baltics’ External Balance: Still a Constraint?," CESifo Forum, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 16(04), pages 19-30, January.
    17. A. M. M. Shahiduzzaman Quoreshi & Trudy-Ann Stone, 2019. "Do Global Value Chains Make Firms More Vulnerable to Trade Shocks?—Evidence from Manufacturing Firms in Sweden," JRFM, MDPI, vol. 12(3), pages 1-16, September.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    expenditure switching; relative price adjustment; crisis; income effect;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • F3 - International Economics - - International Finance
    • F4 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance

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