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El tamaño de las empresas y la transmisión de la política monetaria en Colombia: una aplicación con la encuesta mensual de expectativas económicas

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  • Héctor M. Zárate Solano

    ()

  • Norberto Rodríguez Niño

    ()

  • Margarita Marín Jaramillo

    ()

Abstract

En este documento se utiliza la información proveniente de las encuestas de expectativas económicas a los empresarios para comprobar si el efecto de la política monetaria difiere entre empresas grandes y pequeñas. La metodología econométrica se basa en los modelos de vectores autorregresivos bayesianos con cambio de régimen, MS-BVAR. Según las funciones de impulso respuesta obtenidas, ante un choque en la tasa de interés, el clima de los negocios tanto de las empresas grandes como de las pequeñas responde positivamente en el régimen de expansión del ciclo, mientras que en el régimen de contracción, las respuestas del indicador del clima de los negocios son negativas y más pronunciadas. Adicionalmente, la evidencia empírica sugiere que las empresas grandes son más sensibles a los choques de tasas de interés. Lo anterior, probablemente sea consecuencia del bajo grado de profundización financiera.

Suggested Citation

  • Héctor M. Zárate Solano & Norberto Rodríguez Niño & Margarita Marín Jaramillo, 2012. "El tamaño de las empresas y la transmisión de la política monetaria en Colombia: una aplicación con la encuesta mensual de expectativas económicas," Borradores de Economia 721, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:721
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Espinosa Acuña, Óscar A. & Vaca González, Paola A. & Avila Forero, Raúl A., 2013. "Elasticidades de demanda por electricidad e impactos macroecon_omicos del precio de la energía eléctrica en Colombia || Elasticity of Electricity Demand and Macroeconomics Impacts of Electricity Price," Revista de Métodos Cuantitativos para la Economía y la Empresa = Journal of Quantitative Methods for Economics and Business Administration, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Quantitative Methods for Economics and Business Administration, vol. 16(1), pages 216-249, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Política Monetaria; Modelos Markov-Switching; Modelos VAR; Muestreo de Gibbs; Clima de Negocios. Classification JEL:C32; E31; E32; E41; E52.;

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E41 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Demand for Money
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy

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