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Normas de cuenta corriente y tasa de cambio real de equilibrio en Colombia

Author

Listed:
  • Carolina Arteaga

    ()

  • Roderick Luna

    ()

  • Jair Ojeda-Joya

    ()

Abstract

En este artículo estudiamos la estimación de un nivel de equilibrio de la cuenta corriente de la balanza de pagos de Colombia y sus posibles implicaciones para el desalineamiento de la tasa de cambio real. Se siguen dos metodologías alternativas para la estimación. Primero, se realiza una estimación a partir de los determinantes de largo plazo en países emergentes siguiendo a Chinn y Prasad (2003). Segundo, se estima un modelo basado en la teoría del suavizamiento de consumo siguiendo a Ghosh y Ostry (1995). Las implicaciones sobre la tasa de cambio real se basan en el enfoque del balance macroeconómico. Los resultados indican que a fin de 2010 el déficit observado en la cuenta corriente es superior a su nivel de equilibrio. No obstante, encontramos que este resultado corresponde a fluctuaciones cíclicas ya que el componente tendencial de la cuenta corriente es similar a su nivel de equilibrio. Por tanto, el desalineamiento estimado para la tasa de cambio real a fin de 2010 no es significativo estadísticamente.

Suggested Citation

  • Carolina Arteaga & Roderick Luna & Jair Ojeda-Joya, 2011. "Normas de cuenta corriente y tasa de cambio real de equilibrio en Colombia," Borradores de Economia 681, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:681
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Jhon Edwar Torres & Juan Pablo Cote, 2017. "Un nuevo cálculo de la tasa de cambio real de equilibrio para Colombia: Enfoque de Balance Macroeconómico," Borradores de Economia 1030, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    2. Carolina Arteaga cabrales & Carlos Huertas Campos & Sergio Olarte Armenta, 2012. "Índice de Desbalance Macroeconómico," Borradores de Economia 744, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    3. Alfredo Bateman y Javier E. Martinez & Javier Esteban Martinez, 2010. "Cuaderno 4: Análisis de las fuentes de oferta y demanda en el mercado de divisas," CUADERNOS DE DESARROLLO ECONOMICO 007586, SECRETARÍA DISTRITAL DE DESARROLLO ECONÓMICO.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Tasa de cambio real; cuenta corriente de equilibrio; cuenta corrientesubyacente; consumo suavizado. Classification JEL:C33; F31; F32; F41; E21.;

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth

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