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Expectativas: Una Aproximación a Través de Modelos de Escogencia Discreta

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  • Hugo Oliveros

Abstract

En este documento se presentan los resultados de la estimación de medidas de expectativas, así como, el desempeño de modelos probabilísticos utilizados para describir las preferencias de individuos, a partir de encuestas de carácter cualitativo, empleadas frecuentemente en la investigación de expectativas. Los ejercicios que se presentan en este documento tienen como base la extracción de la respuesta cualitativa implícita en la simulación de la respuesta de una encuesta cuantitativa de expectativas. La estimación de los parámetros y de las medidas de expectativas se hace a través de: Modelos Multinomiales Logísticos (MML), Modelos de Fricción, (MF), conteos derivados a partir de la respuesta cualitativa implícita en la encuesta cuantitativa y el nivel observado de la variable de referencia. El desempeño de los modelos permite concluir que a partir de la respuesta cualitativa es factible: (i) derivar estimativos similares a los que se obtendrían si se hiciese una encuesta cuantitativa, sin estar sujeto a los "indeseables efectos de valores extremos", totalmente en el caso de MML y parcialmente en el caso de MF; (ii) usar y evaluar diferentes mecanismos de formación de expectativas, desde el proceso de formación mismo y (iii) obtener medidas de concenso de la opinión de los encuestados. Los ejercicios presentados en este documento dependen significativamente del alto grado de homogeniedad, respecto del conjunto de información, que tienen los agentes que contestan la encuesta.

Suggested Citation

  • Hugo Oliveros, 1999. "Expectativas: Una Aproximación a Través de Modelos de Escogencia Discreta," Borradores de Economia 137, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:137
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    References listed on IDEAS

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