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Firm entry, competitive pressures and the US inflation dynamics

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  • Martina Cecioni

    () (Bank of Italy)

Abstract

This paper studies the effect of competitive pressures on inflation dynamics. To this end it derives and estimates a New Keynesian Phillips curve in a model with endogenous firm entry. The number of active firms is inversely related to their market power. By taking into account the number of competitors, the pass-through of real marginal cost on inflation is separately identifiable from the effect of endogenous desired markup fluctuations. Estimates with US data suggest that the effect of real marginal cost on inflation is stronger than that found in the empirical test of the standard model. The estimated elasticity of the desired markup with respect to the number of firms implies that an increase of 10% in the number of active firms would lower annual inflation by 1.4% in the short run.

Suggested Citation

  • Martina Cecioni, 2010. "Firm entry, competitive pressures and the US inflation dynamics," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 773, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdi:wptemi:td_773_10
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    File URL: http://www.bancaditalia.it/pubblicazioni/temi-discussione/2010/2010-0773/en_tema_773.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Bergin, Paul R & Corsetti, Giancarlo, 2005. "Towards a Theory of Firm Entry and Stabilization Policy," CEPR Discussion Papers 5376, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Pierpaolo Benigno & Ester Faia, 2016. "Globalization, Pass-Through, and Inflation Dynamics," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 12(4), pages 263-306, December.
    2. Auray, Stéphane & Eyquem, Aurélien & Poutineau, Jean-Christophe, 2012. "The effect of a common currency on the volatility of the extensive margin of trade," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(5), pages 1156-1179.
    3. Lewis, Vivien & Poilly, Céline, 2012. "Firm entry, markups and the monetary transmission mechanism," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(7), pages 670-685.
    4. Lewis, Vivien & Stevens, Arnoud, 2015. "Entry and markup dynamics in an estimated business cycle model," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 14-35.
    5. Weber, Henning, 2011. "Optimal inflation and firms' productivity dynamics," Kiel Working Papers 1685, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    6. Etro, Federico & Rossi, Lorenza, 2015. "New-Keynesian Phillips curve with Bertrand competition and endogenous entry," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 318-340.
    7. S. Guilloux-Nefussi, 2016. "Globalization, Market Structure and Inflation Dynamics," Working papers 610, Banque de France.
    8. Céline Poilly & Vivien Lewis, 2011. "Firm Entry, Inflation and the Monetary Transmission Mechanism," 2011 Meeting Papers 113, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    9. Lewis, Vivien & Stevens, Arnoud, 2012. "The competition effect in business cycles," IMFS Working Paper Series 51, Goethe University Frankfurt, Institute for Monetary and Financial Stability (IMFS).
    10. Lenno Uuskula, 2015. "Firm turnover and inflation dynamics," Bank of Estonia Working Papers wp2015-01, Bank of Estonia, revised 03 Feb 2015.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    inflation dynamics; markups; firm entry;

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation

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