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Entry and markup dynamics in an estimated business cycle model

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  • Vivien LEWIS
  • Arnaud STEVENS

Abstract

How do changes in market structure affect the US business cycle? We estimate a monetary DSGE model with endogenous firm/product entry and a translog expenditure function by Bayesian methods. The dynamics of net business formation allow us to identify the extent to which desired price markups and inflation decrease when entry rises. We find that a 1 percent increase in the number of competitors lowers desired markups by 0.17 percent. While markup fluctuations due to sticky prices or exogenous shocks account for a large proportion of US inflation variability, endogenous changes in desired markups also play a non-negligible role.

Suggested Citation

  • Vivien LEWIS & Arnaud STEVENS, 2013. "Entry and markup dynamics in an estimated business cycle model," Working Papers Department of Economics ces13.20, KU Leuven, Faculty of Economics and Business, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:ete:ceswps:ces13.20
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    Cited by:

    1. Poutineau, Jean-Christophe & Vermandel, Gauthier, 2015. "Financial frictions and the extensive margin of activity," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(4), pages 525-554.
    2. Miguel Casares & Jean-Christophe Poutineau, 2014. "A DSGE model with endogenous entry and exit," Carleton Economic Papers 14-06, Carleton University, Department of Economics.
    3. Fan, Haichao & Gao, Xiang & Xu, Juanyi & Xu, Zhiwei, 2016. "News shock, firm dynamics and business cycles: Evidence and theory," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 159-180.
    4. Mikel Casares, 2015. "Entry and exit in recent US business cycles," Documentos de Trabajo - Lan Gaiak Departamento de Economía - Universidad Pública de Navarra 1503, Departamento de Economía - Universidad Pública de Navarra.
    5. Miguel Casares Polo & Sandra Miñes, 2018. "A structural analysis of US entry and exit dynamicsn," Documentos de Trabajo - Lan Gaiak Departamento de Economía - Universidad Pública de Navarra 1801, Departamento de Economía - Universidad Pública de Navarra.
    6. Lewis, Vivien & Winkler, Roland, 2015. "Fiscal policy and business formation in open economies," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(4), pages 603-620.
    7. Etro, Federico & Rossi, Lorenza, 2015. "Optimal monetary policy under Calvo pricing with Bertrand competition," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 423-440.
    8. Offick, Sven & Winkler, Roland, 2013. "Endogenous Firm Entry in an Estimated Model of the U.S. Business Cycle," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 79845, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    9. Anthony Savagar, 2017. "Firm Dynamics, Dynamic Reallocation, Variable Markups, and Productivity Behaviour," Studies in Economics 1713, School of Economics, University of Kent.
    10. Sajedi, Rana, 2016. "Fiscal consequences of structural reform under constrained monetary policy," Bank of England working papers 620, Bank of England.
    11. repec:eee:dyncon:v:93:y:2018:i:c:p:22-38 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Lorenza Rossi, 2018. "The Overshooting of Firms Destruction, Banks and Productivity Shocks," DEM Working Papers Series 147, University of Pavia, Department of Economics and Management.
    13. Miguel Casares & Hashmat Khan & Jean-Christophe Poutineau, 2018. "A Structural Analysis of US Entry and Exit Dynamics," Carleton Economic Papers 18-02, Carleton University, Department of Economics.
    14. Lenno Uuskula, 2015. "Firm turnover and inflation dynamics," Bank of Estonia Working Papers wp2015-01, Bank of Estonia, revised 03 Feb 2015.
    15. Avdiu, Besart, 2018. "Optimal capital and labor income taxation in small and developing countries," MPRA Paper 84884, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C11 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Bayesian Analysis: General
    • E23 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Production
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles

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