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Macroeconometric equivalence, microeconomic dissonance, and the design of monetary policy

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  • Andrew T. Levin
  • J. David López-Salido
  • Edward Nelson
  • Tack Yun

Abstract

Many recent studies in macroeconomics have focused on the estimation of DSGE models using a system of loglinear approximations to the models' nonlinear equilibrium conditions. The term macroeconometric equivalence encapsulates the idea that estimates using aggregate data based on first-order approximations to the equilibrium conditions of a DSGE model will not be able to distinguish between alternative underlying preferences and technologies. The concept of microeconomic dissonance refers to the fact that the underlying microeconomic differences become important when optimal monetary policy is analyzed in a nonlinear setting. The relevance of these concepts is established by analysis of optimal steady-state inflation and optimal policy in the stochastic economy using a small-scale New Keynesian model. Microeconomic and financial datasets are promising tools with which to overcome the equivalence problem.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrew T. Levin & J. David López-Salido & Edward Nelson & Tack Yun, 2008. "Macroeconometric equivalence, microeconomic dissonance, and the design of monetary policy," Working Papers 2008-035, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedlwp:2008-035
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    Cited by:

    1. Anthony Diercks, 2016. "The Equity Premium, Long-Run Risk, and Optimal Monetary Policy," 2016 Meeting Papers 207, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    2. Benigno, Pierpaolo & Paciello, Luigi, 2014. "Monetary policy, doubts and asset prices," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 85-98.
    3. Richard Dennis, 2008. "Timeless perspective policymaking: When is discretion superior?," Working Paper Series 2008-21, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
    4. Pontiggia, D., 2012. "Optimal long-run inflation and the New Keynesian model," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 1077-1094.
    5. Boons, Martijn & Duarte, Fernando M. & de Roon, Frans & Szymanowska, Marta, 2013. "Time-varying inflation risk and the cross section of stock returns," Staff Reports 621, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, revised 01 Nov 2017.
    6. Engin Kara & Jasmin Sin, 2013. "Liquidity, Quantitative Easing and Optimal Monetary Policy," Bristol Economics Discussion Papers 13/635, Department of Economics, University of Bristol, UK.
    7. Andrew T. Levin, 2008. "Commentary on "Optimal monetary policy under uncertainty: a Markov jump-linear-quadratic approach"," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue Jul, pages 301-306.
    8. Glenn D. Rudebusch & Eric T. Swanson, 2012. "The Bond Premium in a DSGE Model with Long-Run Real and Nominal Risks," American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, American Economic Association, vol. 4(1), pages 105-143, January.
    9. Tack Yun & Andrew Levin, 2009. "Reconsidering the Microeconomic Foundations of Price-Setting Behavior," 2009 Meeting Papers 798, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    10. Kara, Engin, 2015. "The reset inflation puzzle and the heterogeneity in price stickiness," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 29-37.
    11. Engin Kara, 2011. "Understanding and Modelling Reset Price Inflation," Bristol Economics Discussion Papers 11/623, Department of Economics, University of Bristol, UK.
    12. Guido Ascari & Argia M. Sbordone, 2014. "The Macroeconomics of Trend Inflation," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 52(3), pages 679-739, September.
    13. Furlanetto Francesco & Seneca Martin, 2009. "Fiscal Shocks and Real Rigidities," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 9(1), pages 1-33, February.
    14. Hur, Joonyoung & Kim, Insu, 2017. "Inattentive agents and disagreement about economic activity," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 175-190.
    15. José Dorich & Michael K. Johnston & Rhys R. Mendes & Stephen Murchison & Yang Zhang, 2013. "ToTEM II: An Updated Version of the Bank of Canada’s Quarterly Projection Model," Technical Reports 100, Bank of Canada.
    16. Kara Engin, 2011. "Micro-Data on Nominal Rigidity, Inflation Persistence and Optimal Monetary Policy," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 11(1), pages 1-19, July.
    17. Diercks, Anthony M., 2015. "The Equity Premium, Long-Run Risk, & Optimal Monetary Policy," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2015-87, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    18. Takushi Kurozumi & Willem Van Zandweghe, 2016. "Kinked Demand Curves, the Natural Rate Hypothesis, and Macroeconomic Stability," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 20, pages 240-257, April.
    19. Dario Pontiggia, 2016. "A Note on Intrinsic Inflation Persistence and the Optimal Inflation Rate," Journal of Reviews on Global Economics, Lifescience Global, vol. 5, pages 248-253.

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    Keywords

    Monetary policy ; Macroeconomics ; Microeconomics;

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