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Do Inflation-linked Bonds Contain Information about Future Inflation?

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  • José Valentim Machado Vicente
  • Osmani Teixeira de Carvalho Guillen

Abstract

There is a widespread belief that inflation-linked bonds are a direct source of information about inflation expectations. In this paper we address this issue by analyzing the relationship between break-even inflation (the difference between nominal and real yields) and future inflation. The dataset is extracted from Brazilian Treasury bonds covering the period from April 2005 to July 2010. We find that break-even inflation is an unbiased forecast only of the 3-month and 6-month ahead inflation. For medium horizons (12 and 18 months) break-even inflation has weak explanatory power of future inflation. Over long horizons (24 and 30 months), we report a significant, but counterintuitive, negative relationship between the break-even and realized inflations.

Suggested Citation

  • José Valentim Machado Vicente & Osmani Teixeira de Carvalho Guillen, 2010. "Do Inflation-linked Bonds Contain Information about Future Inflation?," Working Papers Series 214, Central Bank of Brazil, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:bcb:wpaper:214
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    Cited by:

    1. Tabak, Benjamin M. & Takami, Marcelo & Rocha, Jadson M.C. & Cajueiro, Daniel O. & Souza, Sergio R.S., 2014. "Directed clustering coefficient as a measure of systemic risk in complex banking networks," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 394(C), pages 211-216.
    2. Nunes, Clemens Vinicius & Doi, Jonas & Fernandes, Marcelo, 2017. "Disagreement in Inflation Forecasts and Inflation Risk Premia in Brazil," Brazilian Review of Econometrics, Sociedade Brasileira de Econometria - SBE, vol. 37(1), May.
    3. Marçal, Emerson Fernandes & Pereira, Pedro L. Valls, 2012. "Evaluating the existence of structural change in the brazilian term structure of interest: evidence based on cointegration models with structural break," Textos para discussão 314, FGV/EESP - Escola de Economia de São Paulo, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil).

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