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The U.S. New Keynesian Phillips Curve: An Empirical Assessment

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  • Alain Guay
  • Florian Pelgrin

Abstract

The authors examine the evidence presented by Galí and Gertler (1999) and Galí, Gertler, and Lopez-Salido (2001, 2003) that the inflation dynamics in the United States can be well-described by the New Keynesian Phillips curve (NKPC). The authors address several important econometrics issues that arise in estimating the NKPC model. Using the continuously updated generalized method of moments (GMM) estimator proposed by Hansen, Heaton, and Yaron (1996) and the three-step GMM estimator developed by Bonnal and Renault (2003), the authors find that the empirical evidence for the real marginal cost is rather weak. Specifically, results are sensitive to the instrument sets, normalization, estimators, sample period, and data revisions.

Suggested Citation

  • Alain Guay & Florian Pelgrin, 2004. "The U.S. New Keynesian Phillips Curve: An Empirical Assessment," Staff Working Papers 04-35, Bank of Canada.
  • Handle: RePEc:bca:bocawp:04-35
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    File URL: http://www.bankofcanada.ca/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/wp04-35.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Eric Heyer & Florian Pelgrin & Arnaud Sylvain, 2004. "Translog ou Cobb-Douglas? Le rôle des durées d'utilisation des facteurs," Staff Working Papers 04-19, Bank of Canada.
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    Cited by:

    1. Agénor, Pierre-Richard & Bayraktar, Nihal, 2010. "Contracting models of the Phillips curve empirical estimates for middle-income countries," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 555-570, June.
    2. Faith Christian Cacnio, 2013. "Analysing inflation dynamics in the Philippines using the new Keynesian Phililips curve," Philippine Review of Economics, University of the Philippines School of Economics and Philippine Economic Society, vol. 50(2), pages 53-82, December.
    3. Thorvardur Tjörvi Ólafsson, 2006. "The New Keynesian Phillips Curve: In Search of Improvements and Adaptation to the Open Economy," Economics wp31_tjorvi, Department of Economics, Central bank of Iceland.
    4. Gbaguidi, David, 2012. "La courbe de Phillips : temps d’arbitrage et/ou arbitrage de temps," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 88(1), pages 87-119, mars.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Inflation and prices; Econometric and statistical methods;

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation

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