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CVA for Bilateral Counterparty Risk under Alternative Settlement Conventions

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  • Cyril Durand
  • Marek Rutkowski

Abstract

We depart from the usual methods for pricing contracts with the counterparty credit risk found in most of the existing literature. In effect, typically, these models do not account for either systemic effects or at-first-default contagion and postulate that the contract value at default equals either the risk-free value or the pre-default value. We propose instead a fairly general framework, which allows us to perform effective Credit Value Adjustment (CVA) computations for a contract with bilateral counterparty risk in the presence of systemic and wrong or right way risks. Our general methodology focuses on the role of alternative settlement clauses, but it is also aimed to cover various features of margin agreements. A comparative analysis of numerical results reported in the final section supports our initial conjecture that alternative specifications of settlement values have a non-negligible impact on the CVA computation for contracts with bilateral counterparty risk. This emphasizes the practical importance of more sophisticated models that are capable of fully reflecting the actual features of financial contracts, as well as the influence of the market environment.

Suggested Citation

  • Cyril Durand & Marek Rutkowski, 2013. "CVA for Bilateral Counterparty Risk under Alternative Settlement Conventions," Papers 1307.6486, arXiv.org.
  • Handle: RePEc:arx:papers:1307.6486
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    File URL: http://arxiv.org/pdf/1307.6486
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Robert A. Jarrow & Fan Yu, 2008. "Counterparty Risk and the Pricing of Defaultable Securities," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: Financial Derivatives Pricing Selected Works of Robert Jarrow, chapter 20, pages 481-515 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    2. José M. Liberti & Atif R. Mian, 2010. "Collateral Spread and Financial Development," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 65(1), pages 147-177, February.
    3. Gary Gorton, 2009. "The Subprime Panic," European Financial Management, European Financial Management Association, vol. 15(1), pages 10-46.
    4. Markus K. Brunnermeier, 2009. "Deciphering the Liquidity and Credit Crunch 2007-2008," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 23(1), pages 77-100, Winter.
    5. Ewerhart, Christian & Tapking, Jens, 2008. "Repo markets, counterparty risk and the 2007/2008 liquidity crisis," Working Paper Series 909, European Central Bank.
    6. P. Collin-Dufresne & R. Goldstein & J. Hugonnier, 2004. "A General Formula for Valuing Defaultable Securities," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 72(5), pages 1377-1407, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Damiano Brigo & Cristin Buescu & Marco Francischello & Andrea Pallavicini & Marek Rutkowski, 2018. "Risk-neutral valuation under differential funding costs, defaults and collateralization," Papers 1802.10228, arXiv.org.
    2. Damiano Brigo & Cyril Durand, 2014. "An initial approach to Risk Management of Funding Costs," Papers 1410.2034, arXiv.org.
    3. repec:wsi:jfexxx:v:01:y:2014:i:01:n:s2345768614500019 is not listed on IDEAS

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