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Mental Retirement and Non-Contributory Pensions for the Elderly Poor in Peru

Author

Listed:
  • Rafael Novella

    (Inter-American Development Bank)

  • Javier Olivera

    (University of Luxembourg)

Abstract

This paper analyses the effects of retirement on cognitive abilities for the elderly poor on the basis of the “mental retirement” effect that accompanies retirement. Given the recent emergence and expansion of non-contributory pension programs to alleviate poverty in old-age across low and middle income countries, attention should be given to the potential acceleration of cognitive decline when individuals retire, i.e. when there is a decrease in their engagement of cognitive demanding activities. We use a unique and recent survey of the elderly poor in Peru (ESBAM), which includes a cognitive test and serves as the baseline for a non-contributory pension program. We find a significant negative effect of retirement on cognitive ability after controlling for a number of demographics and objective health measures and even after dealing with the potential endogeneity of retirement.

Suggested Citation

  • Rafael Novella & Javier Olivera, 2014. "Mental Retirement and Non-Contributory Pensions for the Elderly Poor in Peru," Working Papers 2014-14, Peruvian Economic Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:apc:wpaper:2014-014
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Miguel Ángel Borrella Mas & Mariano Bosch Mossi & Marcello Sartarelli, 2016. "Non-Contributory Pensions Number-Gender Effects on Poverty and Household Decisions," Working Papers. Serie AD 2016-02, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    cognitive abilities; old-age poverty; retirement; non-contributory pensions; Peru;

    JEL classification:

    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J26 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Retirement; Retirement Policies

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