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Sustainability Policy and Environmental Policy

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  • John C. V. Pezzey

    (Australian National University, Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies
    University of Bath, Department of Economics)

Abstract

A representative agent economy with a resource stock, polluting emissions, productive, abatement and foreign capital, trade, and technical progress, is used to contrast environmental policy, which internalises amenity and productivity values, with sustainability policy, which achieves some form of intergenerational equity. Environmental policy comprises a tax on emissions and a subsidy on the resource stock equal to the respective externalised costs or benefits. Sustainability policy comprises a capital and/or consumption tax to change the effective utility discount rate. Environmental policy can reduce the strength of sustainability policy needed. More specialised results are derived in a closed economy with a non-renewable resource and no technical progress, and in a small open economy with few environmental effects.

Suggested Citation

  • John C. V. Pezzey, 2001. "Sustainability Policy and Environmental Policy," Economics and Environment Network Working Papers 0104, Australian National University, Economics and Environment Network.
  • Handle: RePEc:anu:eenwps:0104
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    Cited by:

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    2. Bazhanov, Andrei, 2008. "Sustainable growth: The extraction-saving relationship," MPRA Paper 9911, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Vouvaki, Dimitra & Xepapadeas, Anastasios, 2008. "Changes in social welfare and sustainability: Theoretical issues and empirical evidence," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(3), pages 473-484, October.
    4. Bazhanov, Andrei, 2008. "Maximin-optimal sustainable growth in a resource-based imperfect economy," MPRA Paper 16245, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 13 Jul 2009.
    5. John C. V. Pezzey, 2004. "Sustainability Policy and Environmental Policy," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 106(2), pages 339-359, June.
    6. Alvarez-Cuadrado, Francisco & Van Long, Ngo, 2009. "A mixed Bentham-Rawls criterion for intergenerational equity: Theory and implications," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 58(2), pages 154-168, September.
    7. Hoberg, Nikolai & Baumgärtner, Stefan, 2017. "Irreversibility and uncertainty cause an intergenerational equity-efficiency trade-off," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 131(C), pages 75-86.
    8. Andrei V. Bazhanov, 2008. "Maximin-optimal sustainable growth with nonrenewable resource and externalities," EERI Research Paper Series EERI_RP_2008_11, Economics and Econometrics Research Institute (EERI), Brussels.
    9. Manel Kamoun & Ines Abdelkafi & Abdelfetah Ghorbel, 2019. "The Impact of Renewable Energy on Sustainable Growth: Evidence from a Panel of OECD Countries," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 10(1), pages 221-237, March.
    10. BRECHET, Thierry & LAMBRECHT, Stéphane, 2005. "Puzzling over sustainability: an equilibrium analysis," LIDAM Discussion Papers CORE 2005001, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    11. Xuedong Liang & Weiwei Zhang & Lei Chen & Fumin Deng, 2016. "Sustainable Urban Development Capacity Measure—A Case Study in Jiangsu Province, China," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 8(3), pages 1-13, March.
    12. Van Passel, Steven & Nevens, Frank & Mathijs, Erik & Van Huylenbroeck, Guido, 2007. "Measuring farm sustainability and explaining differences in sustainable efficiency," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(1), pages 149-161, April.
    13. Robert D. Cairns, 2011. "Accounting for Sustainability: A Dissenting Opinion," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 3(9), pages 1-16, August.
    14. Bazhanov, Andrei, 2008. "Inconsistency between a criterion and the initial conditions," MPRA Paper 6792, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    15. Alessio Emanuele BIONDO, 2010. "A Growth Rate for a Sustainable Economy," Journal of Applied Economic Sciences, Spiru Haret University, Faculty of Financial Management and Accounting Craiova, vol. 5(2(12)/Sum), pages 7-20.
    16. Bazhanov, Andrei, 2007. "Switching to a sustainable efficient extraction path," MPRA Paper 2976, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    17. Dimitra Vouvaki & Anastasios Xepapadeas, 2005. "Criteria for Assessing Sustainable Development: Theoretical Issues and Empirical Evidence for the Case of Greece," Working Papers 0511, University of Crete, Department of Economics.
    18. Smulders, J.A., 2005. "Endogenous technological change, natural resources and growth," Other publications TiSEM d6e27500-7604-420f-9961-4, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    19. Bazhanov, Andrei V., 2010. "Sustainable growth: Compatibility between a plausible growth criterion and the initial state," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 116-125, June.
    20. Matthew Clarke, 2006. "Measuring Human Well-being in Thailand: A Normative Social Choice Approach," Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(2), pages 151-167.
    21. Hoberg, Nikolai & Strunz, Sebastian, 2018. "When Individual Preferences Defy Sustainability — Can Merit Good Arguments Close the Gap?," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 143(C), pages 286-293.
    22. Bazhanov, Andrei, 2008. "Sustainable growth in a resource-based economy: the extraction-saving relationship," MPRA Paper 12350, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    23. Bazhanov, Andrei, 2008. "Sustainable growth: Compatibility between criterion and the initial state," MPRA Paper 9914, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    24. Valente, Simone, 2011. "Intergenerational externalities, sustainability and welfare—The ambiguous effect of optimal policies on resource depletion," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(4), pages 995-1014.
    25. Izabela Luiza Pop & Diana Sabina Ighian & Rita Monica Toader & Rada Florina Hahn, 2024. "Predictors of Adopting a Sustainability Policy in Museums," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 16(10), pages 1-20, May.

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    JEL classification:

    • H30 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - General
    • O23 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development
    • Q01 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - Sustainable Development
    • Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy

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