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Gender Gap in Business Angel financing

Author

Listed:
  • Andrea Bellucci

    (Universita' degli Studi dell'Insubria and Mo.Fi.R.)

  • Gianluca Gucciardi

    (UniCredit and Universita' degli Studi di Milano)

  • Rossella Locatelli

    (Universita' degli Studi dell'Insubria)

  • Cristiana Schena

    (Universita' degli Studi dell'Insubria)

Abstract

We study the relevance of the gender of contracting parties involved in equity early-stage financing using transaction-level data on Business Angel (BA) investments around the world between 2018 and 2020. In particular, we analyze whether the gender of BA investor has an impact on the size of the financial transaction and whether female-owned businesses are disadvantaged with respect to male-owned businesses. Then, we offer insights into possible channels and underlying mechanisms that could drive BAs' behaviors. According to our findings, female-owned businesses receive less equity financing than their male counterparts. This effect is independent from the information available to BAs on the target and persists even when unobservable individual factors are taken into consideration. This disadvantage seems to be linked to male Business Angels' taste prejudice, independently from the information available to the investor.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrea Bellucci & Gianluca Gucciardi & Rossella Locatelli & Cristiana Schena, 2022. "Gender Gap in Business Angel financing," Mo.Fi.R. Working Papers 175, Money and Finance Research group (Mo.Fi.R.) - Univ. Politecnica Marche - Dept. Economic and Social Sciences.
  • Handle: RePEc:anc:wmofir:175
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Gender-based discrimination; Female-owned enterprises; Access to finance; start-up; SME financing; Business Angel;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • G41 - Financial Economics - - Behavioral Finance - - - Role and Effects of Psychological, Emotional, Social, and Cognitive Factors on Decision Making in Financial Markets
    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups

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