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A gendered look at entrepreneurship ecosystems


  • Candida Brush

    () (Babson College)

  • Linda F. Edelman

    () (Bentley University)

  • Tatiana Manolova

    () (Bentley University)

  • Friederike Welter

    () (IfM Bonn
    Universitat Siegen)


Underlying entrepreneurship ecosystems is the implicit assumption that all entrepreneurs have equal access to resources, participation, and support, as well as an equal chance of a successful outcome (venture start-up). However in practice, this is not always the case. Research finds that when it comes to many aspects of the entrepreneurship ecosystem, women are at a disadvantage. In this paper, we offer a brief overview of current ecosystem frameworks pointing out where “gender” matters in ecosystems at the institutional, organizational, and individual levels. We go on to present a summary of the contributions to this special edition and conclude with suggestions for future research.

Suggested Citation

  • Candida Brush & Linda F. Edelman & Tatiana Manolova & Friederike Welter, 2019. "A gendered look at entrepreneurship ecosystems," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 53(2), pages 393-408, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:sbusec:v:53:y:2019:i:2:d:10.1007_s11187-018-9992-9
    DOI: 10.1007/s11187-018-9992-9

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Elisa Ughetto & Mariacristina Rossi & David Audretsch & Erik E. Lehmann, 2020. "Female entrepreneurship in the digital era," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 55(2), pages 305-312, August.
    2. Dorian Boumedjaoud & Karim Messeghem, 2020. "Stratégie repreneuriale et performance en PME : rôle du mentorat dans la reprise externe," Post-Print hal-02569219, HAL.
    3. Deepika Dixit & Anubha Shekhar Sinha, 2020. "How Institutions Influence Women Entrepreneurship?," Working papers 351, Indian Institute of Management Kozhikode.
    4. Katherina Kuschel & Kerstin Ettl & Cristina Díaz-García & Gry Agnete Alsos, 2020. "Stemming the gender gap in STEM entrepreneurship – insights into women’s entrepreneurship in science, technology, engineering and mathematics," International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, Springer, vol. 16(1), pages 1-15, March.

    More about this item


    Entrepreneurship ecosystems; Gender; Institutional level; Organizational level; Individual level;

    JEL classification:

    • B54 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Current Heterodox Approaches - - - Feminist Economics
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship


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