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GINI Country Report: Growing Inequalities and their Impacts in Ireland

Author

Listed:
  • E. Calvert
  • Brian Nolan

    () (School of Applied Social Science, University College Dublin)

  • Tony Fahey

    ()

  • D. Healy
  • A. Mulcahy
  • B. Maître
  • Michelle Norris

    () (Extension at the Champaign Center, University of Illinois)

  • I. O’Donnell
  • Nessa Winston

    ()

  • Christopher Whelan

    () (Newman Building, School of Sociology)

Abstract

The aim of this country report for Ireland is to present and examine key patterns and trends in the inequality ‘drivers’ on which the project is concentrating, highlight their potential impacts in the social, political and cultural spheres and the available evidence in that regard, and point to the role of relevant institutions and policies in ameliorating or exacerbating those effects. Ireland represents a very interesting case study in the light of the remarkable macroeconomic roller- coaster of recession, boom and bust experienced over the past 25-30 years. For much of the 1980s Ireland was in prolonged recession, with high unemployment rates. From the mid- 1990s, by contrast, there was the so-called 'Celtic Tiger' economic boom, whereby Ireland moved from about two-thirds of the OECD average GDP per capita to 134% of that average by 2007, with GNI per capita in current purchasing power terms more than doubling. A sustained fall in unemployment to exceptionally low levels was accompanied by an unbridled property boom and very rapid increase in levels of household debt. The economic crisis from 2007 then had a more negative impact on national output in Ireland than in any other OECD country. Falling GDP went together with the bursting of the property bubble, a collapse in asset values, a banking crisis of unprecedented proportions, and a ballooning fiscal deficit.

Suggested Citation

  • E. Calvert & Brian Nolan & Tony Fahey & D. Healy & A. Mulcahy & B. Maître & Michelle Norris & I. O’Donnell & Nessa Winston & Christopher Whelan, 2013. "GINI Country Report: Growing Inequalities and their Impacts in Ireland," GINI Country Reports ireland, AIAS, Amsterdam Institute for Advanced Labour Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:aia:ginicr:ireland
    as

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    File URL: http://archive.uva-aias.net/uploaded_files/publications/Ireland.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:eme:rlecpp:rlec.2011.32 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Donal O'Neill & Brian Nolan & James Williams, 2006. "Evaluating the Introduction of a National Minimum Wage: Evidence from a New Survey of Firms in Ireland," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 20(1), pages 63-90, March.
    3. AfDB AfDB, . "AfDB Group Annual Report 2009 (Arabic)," Annual Report, African Development Bank, number 68 edited by Koua Louis Kouakou.
    4. Whelan, Christopher T. & Layte, Richard & Maitre, Bertrand & Gannon, Brenda & Nolan, Brian & Watson, Dorothy & Williams, James, 2003. "Monitoring Poverty trends in Ireland: Results from the 2001 Living in Ireland Survey," Research Series, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), number PRS51.
    5. Nolan, Brian & Whelan, Christopher T., 1996. "Resources, Deprivation, and Poverty," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198287858.
    6. Barrett, Alan & FitzGerald, John & Nolan, Brian, 2002. "Earnings inequality, returns to education and immigration into Ireland," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(5), pages 665-680, November.
    7. Breen, Richard & Rottman, David B., 1985. "Crime Victimisation in the Republic of Ireland," Research Series, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), number GRS121.
    8. Sarah Voitchovsky & Bertrand Maitre & Brian Nolan, 2012. "Wage Inequality in Ireland’s “Celtic Tiger” Boom," The Economic and Social Review, Economic and Social Studies, vol. 43(1), pages 99-133.
    9. Russell, Helen & Maître, Bertrand & Nolan, Brian, 2010. "Monitoring Poverty Trends in Ireland 2004-2007: Key Issues for Children, People of Working Age and Older People," Research Series, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), number RS17.
    10. David (David Patrick) Madden & Cathal Clancy, 2005. "Growth and inequality in Ireland : 1987 - 1999," Working Papers 200516, School of Economics, University College Dublin.
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    12. AfDB AfDB, . "AfDB Group Annual Report 2009," Annual Report, African Development Bank, number 66 edited by Koua Louis Kouakou.
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    Cited by:

    1. Richard Layte & Anne Nolan, 2016. "Socio-economic Differentials in Male Mortality in Ireland 1984-2008," The Economic and Social Review, Economic and Social Studies, vol. 47(3), pages 361-390.

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