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Poverty and Inequality in Ireland: A Comparison using Measures of Income and Consumption

  • Donal O'Neill

    ()

  • Olive Sweetman

    ()

    (Economics, National University of Ireland, Maynooth)

This paper provides a detailed description of recent trends in inequality and poverty in Ireland. To date most of the analysis of inequality and poverty in Ireland has used cross-section data on income. We supplement the information on income with detailed data on individual expenditure taken from the Household Budget Survey. For both measures of resources we provide a detailed analysis of changes in inequality and poverty over the last decade. While our results on inequality are not sensitive to the choice of resource measure used, the identification of people in poverty differs across measures. Self-employed households fare better when expenditure is used to measure resources while the opposite is true for households headed by individuals who are retired or on home duties.

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File URL: http://repec.maynoothuniversity.ie/mayecw-files/N860399.pdf
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Paper provided by Department of Economics, Finance and Accounting, National University of Ireland - Maynooth in its series Economics, Finance and Accounting Department Working Paper Series with number n860399.

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Length: 29 pages
Date of creation: Mar 1999
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:may:mayecw:n860399
Contact details of provider: Postal: Maynooth, Co. Kildare
Phone: 353-1-7083728
Fax: 353-1-7083934
Web page: http://www.maynoothuniversity.ie/economics-finance-and-accounting

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  1. Coulter, Fiona A E & Cowell, Frank A & Jenkins, Stephen P, 1992. "Equivalence Scale Relativities and the Extent of Inequality and Poverty," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 102(414), pages 1067-82, September.
  2. Markus Jäntti & Stephen P. Jenkins, 2013. "Income Mobility," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 607, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  3. Kay, J. A. & Keen, M. J. & Morris, C. N., 1984. "Estimating consumption from expenditure data," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(1-2), pages 169-181.
  4. Paul Gregg, 1996. "It Takes Two: Employment Polarisation in the OECD," CEP Discussion Papers dp0304, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  5. Bruce Bradbury, 1996. "Are the Low Income Self-employed Poor?," Discussion Papers 0073, University of New South Wales, Social Policy Research Centre.
  6. Caballero, Ricardo J., 1990. "Consumption puzzles and precautionary savings," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 113-136, January.
  7. James Banks & Richard Blundell & Sarah Tanner, 1995. "Is there a retirement-savings puzzle?," IFS Working Papers W95/04, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
  8. Callan, Tim & Nolan, Brian & Whelan, Christopher T., 1996. "A Review of the Commission on Social Welfare's Minimum Adequate Income," Research Series, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), number PRS29.
  9. Barrett, Alan & Callan, Tim & Nolan, Brian, 1997. "The Earnings Distribution and Returns to Education in Ireland, 1987-94," CEPR Discussion Papers 1679, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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