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The Economics of Glyphosate Resistance Management in Corn and Soybean Production


  • Livingston, Michael
  • Fernandez-Cornejo, Jorge
  • Unger, Jesse
  • Osteen, Craig
  • Schimmelpfennig, David
  • Park, Tim
  • Lambert, Dayton


Glyphosate, known by many trade names, including Roundup, is a highly effective herbicide. Widespread glyphosate use for corn and soybean has led to glyphosate resistance, which is now documented in 14 weed species affecting U.S. cropland, and recent surveys suggest that acreage with glyphosate-resistant (GR) weeds is expanding. Data from USDA’s Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS), along with the Benchmark Study (conducted independently by plant scientists), are used to address several issues raised by the spread of GR weeds. Choices made by growers that could help manage glyphosate resistance include using glyphosate during fewer years, combining it with one or more alternative herbicides, and, most importantly, not applying glyphosate during consecutive growing seasons. As a result, managing glyphosate resistance is more cost effective than ignoring it, and after about 2 years, the cumulative impact of the returns received is higher when managing instead of ignoring resistance.

Suggested Citation

  • Livingston, Michael & Fernandez-Cornejo, Jorge & Unger, Jesse & Osteen, Craig & Schimmelpfennig, David & Park, Tim & Lambert, Dayton, 2015. "The Economics of Glyphosate Resistance Management in Corn and Soybean Production," Economic Research Report 205083, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:uersrr:205083
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.205083

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Scott M. Swinton & Braeden Deynze, 2017. "Hoes to Herbicides: Economics of Evolving Weed Management in the United States," The European Journal of Development Research, Palgrave Macmillan;European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI), vol. 29(3), pages 560-574, July.
    2. Karla L. Gage & Lauren M. Schwartz-Lazaro, 2019. "Shifting the Paradigm: An Ecological Systems Approach to Weed Management," Agriculture, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(8), pages 1-17, August.
    3. Sun, Huichun & Hurley, Terrance M. & Dentzman, Katherine & Ervin, David E. & Everman, Wesley & Frisvold, George B. & Gunsolus, Jeffrey & Norsworthy, Jason & Owen, Micheal, 2017. "Economic and Behavioral Drivers of Herbicide Resistance Management in the U.S," 2017 Annual Meeting, July 30-August 1, Chicago, Illinois 258417, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    4. Fernandez-Cornejo, Jorge & Wechsler, Seth J. & Milkove, Daniel, 2016. "The Adoption of Genetically Engineered Alfalfa, Canola and Sugarbeets in the United States," Economic Information Bulletin 262136, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
    5. G. Cornelis van Kooten, 2020. "Climate Change and Agriculture," Working Papers 2020-01, University of Victoria, Department of Economics, Resource Economics and Policy Analysis Research Group.
    6. Jacobs, A. & Kingwell, R., 2016. "The Harrington Seed Destructor: Its role and value in farming systems facing the challenge of herbicide-resistant weeds," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 142(C), pages 33-40.

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    Agribusiness; Agricultural and Food Policy; Crop Production/Industries; Farm Management;

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