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Unconventional Gas and the European Union: Prospects and Challenges for Competitiveness

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  • Vollebergh, Herman R.J.
  • Eric Drisse, Eric

Abstract

This article studies the likely impact of unconventional gas developments in the U.S. on EU competitiveness. We find, first of all, little evidence for a prosperous unconventional gas development in Europe. Second, the U.S. boom has already a strong impact on both world and European energy markets. In particular, lower U.S. gas and coal prices have changed relative energy prices both at home and abroad. Finally, competitiveness impacts in some (sub)sectors will be considerable. These impacts are not only related to production based on gas use as a feedstock but also on the ‘byproducts’ from unconventional gas production, such as ethylene, propane and butane. However, several indirect impacts, such as lower coal import prices, may soften the adverse competitiveness impact in the EU.

Suggested Citation

  • Vollebergh, Herman R.J. & Eric Drisse, Eric, 2015. "Unconventional Gas and the European Union: Prospects and Challenges for Competitiveness," Energy: Resources and Markets 196918, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:feemer:196918
    DOI: 10.22004/ag.econ.196918
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    File URL: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/196918/files/NDL2014-109.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Lutz Kilian, 2008. "The Economic Effects of Energy Price Shocks," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 46(4), pages 871-909, December.
    2. Harrison Fell, Beat Hintermann, and Herman Vollebergh, 2015. "Carbon content of electricity futures in Phase II of the EU ETS," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Number 4).
    3. Peter R. Odell, 1994. "World Oil Resources, Reserves and Production," The Energy Journal, International Association for Energy Economics, vol. 0(Special I), pages 89-114.
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    Cited by:

    1. Saussay, Aurélien, 2018. "Can the US shale revolution be duplicated in continental Europe? An economic analysis of European shale gas resources," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 295-306.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Resource /Energy Economics and Policy;

    JEL classification:

    • L71 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Primary Products and Construction - - - Mining, Extraction, and Refining: Hydrocarbon Fuels
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • Q35 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Hydrocarbon Resources
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy

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