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The Dynamics of Food Stamp Program Participation: A Lagged Dependent Variable Approach

Author

Listed:
  • Atasoy, Sibel
  • Mills, Bradford F.
  • Parmeter, Christopher F.

Abstract

This paper investigates the existence of Food Stamp Program (FSP) participation state dependence and its sources in by analyzing the dynamics of participation in the FSP using a lagged dependent variable approach. Results show that FSP receipt in the previous year is an important determinant of current FSP receipt. However, estimated persistence rates declined significantly after 1996, suggesting that long-term FSP dependency was reduced following broader welfare reform measures. The source of FSP state dependence among low-income households is mostly structural implying that a welfare trap does exist.

Suggested Citation

  • Atasoy, Sibel & Mills, Bradford F. & Parmeter, Christopher F., 2010. "The Dynamics of Food Stamp Program Participation: A Lagged Dependent Variable Approach," 2010 Annual Meeting, July 25-27, 2010, Denver, Colorado 60963, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:aaea10:60963
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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/60963
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Blank, Rebecca M., 1989. "Analyzing the length of welfare spells," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 245-273, August.
    2. Lorenzo Cappellari & Richard Dorsett & Getinet Haile, 2010. "State dependence and unobserved heterogeneity in the employment transitions of the over-50s," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 38(3), pages 523-554, June.
    3. Wiji Arulampalam & Mark B. Stewart, 2009. "Simplified Implementation of the Heckman Estimator of the Dynamic Probit Model and a Comparison with Alternative Estimators," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 71(5), pages 659-681, October.
    4. Tamás Bartus, 2005. "Estimation of marginal effects using margeff," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 5(3), pages 309-329, September.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Food Stamp Program; State Dependence; Dynamics; Welfare Trap; Food Security and Poverty; Health Economics and Policy; I38; C23; C25;

    JEL classification:

    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities

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