The Dynamics of Food Stamp Program Participation: A Lagged Dependent Variable Approach
This paper investigates the existence of Food Stamp Program (FSP) participation state dependence and its sources in by analyzing the dynamics of participation in the FSP using a lagged dependent variable approach. Results show that FSP receipt in the previous year is an important determinant of current FSP receipt. However, estimated persistence rates declined significantly after 1996, suggesting that long-term FSP dependency was reduced following broader welfare reform measures. The source of FSP state dependence among low-income households is mostly structural implying that a welfare trap does exist.
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- Arulampalam, Wiji & Stewart, Mark, 2007.
"Simplified Implementation of the Heckman Estimator of the Dynamic Probit Model and a Comparison with Alternative Estimators,"
IZA Discussion Papers
3039, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- Wiji Arulampalam & Mark B. Stewart, 2009. "Simplified Implementation of the Heckman Estimator of the Dynamic Probit Model and a Comparison with Alternative Estimators," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 71(5), pages 659-681, October.
- Arulampalam, Wiji & Stewart, Mark B., 2008. "Simplified Implementation of the Heckman Estimator of the Dynamic Probit Model and a Comparison with Alternative Estimators," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 884, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
- Blank, Rebecca M., 1989. "Analyzing the length of welfare spells," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3), pages 245-273, August.
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