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Welfare Program Reentry among Postreform Leavers

Author

Listed:
  • Donald Bruce

    () (Center for Business and Economic Research and Department of Economics, University of Tennessee)

  • Karie Barbour

    () (Center for Business and Economic Research and Department of Economics, University of Tennessee)

  • Angela Thacker

    () (Center for Business and Economic Research, University of Tennessee)

Abstract

The dramatic welfare reforms of 1996 affected public assistance usage patterns, possibly leading to more cycling on and off welfare as opposed to long-term continuous participation. We examine 128,775 Tennessee families that left welfare between October 1996 and April 2001. Of these, about one-third returned to the program at least once during this period. We provide statistical portraits of these families and compare reentrants with those who remained off public assistance. We conclude with a multivariate analysis of the determinants of reentry. Results suggest that families with younger, female, or black caretakers and those with more children are more likely to return. Those less likely to return include families whose caretakers were married or who had more education or were not working as of case closure. Families who left because of a time limit or who accumulated more months of program participation were also more likely to return.

Suggested Citation

  • Donald Bruce & Karie Barbour & Angela Thacker, 2004. "Welfare Program Reentry among Postreform Leavers," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 70(4), pages 816-836, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:sej:ancoec:v:70:4:y:2004:p:816-836
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Peng Huang & Marco Ceccagnoli & Chris Forman & D.J. Wu, 2009. "Participation in a Platform Ecosystem: Appropriability, Competition, and Access to the Installed Base," Working Papers 09-14, NET Institute, revised Sep 2009.
    2. Shiferaw Gurmu & William Smith, 2006. "Recidivism among Welfare Recipients: The Role of Neighborhood and Access to Employment," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 34(4), pages 405-419, December.
    3. Joshua C. Hall & Serkan Karadas & Minh Tam T. Schlosky, 2016. "Is There Moral Hazard in the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative Debt Relief Process?," Working Papers 16-24, Department of Economics, West Virginia University.
    4. Steven T. Yen & Donald J. Bruce & Lisa Jahns, 2012. "Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Participation And Health: Evidence From Low‐Income Individuals In Tennessee," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 30(1), pages 1-12, January.
    5. Luis Ayala & Magdalena Rodríguez, 2010. "Explaining welfare recidivism: what role do unemployment and initial spells have?," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 23(1), pages 373-392, January.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • C41 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Duration Analysis; Optimal Timing Strategies

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