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Emerging Markets for GM Foods: A Study of Consumer's Willingness to Pay in India


  • Deodhar, Satish Y.
  • Ganesh, Sankar
  • Chern, Wen S.


A random utility approach is used to estimate logit equations which indicate what factors affect the likelihood of consumption of non-GM and GM foods, and, whether or not consumers are willing to pay a premium for non-GM/GM foods. Ceteris paribus as the price difference between non-GM and GM food rose, people were more likely to consume GM foods. Likelihood of GM food consumption was higher in the middle income brackets. Consumers were willing to pay an expected premium of 19.5% and 16.12% for golden rice and GM edible oil respectively. In case of chicken, consumers seemed to pay a very negligible premium for non-GM fed chicken. Overall, it appears that GM foods may be acceptable in the Indian market. However, basic awareness about the GM foods may have to be created among the consumers through government ministries, consumer interest groups, and biotech food-crop companies.

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  • Deodhar, Satish Y. & Ganesh, Sankar & Chern, Wen S., 2008. "Emerging Markets for GM Foods: A Study of Consumer's Willingness to Pay in India," 2008 Annual Meeting, July 27-29, 2008, Orlando, Florida 6348, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:aaea08:6348

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sallie James & Michael Burton, 2003. "Consumer preferences for GM food and other attributes of the food system," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society, vol. 47(4), pages 501-518, December.
    2. Kaneko, Naoya & Chern, Wen S., 2005. "Willingness to Pay for Genetically Modified Oil, Cornflakes, and Salmon: Evidence from a U.S. Telephone Survey," Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 37(03), pages 701-719, December.
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    More about this item


    GM Foods; Golden Rice; Bt cottonseed oil; GM fed chicken; Willingness to Pay; Random utility approach; Logit; India.; Demand and Price Analysis; Food Consumption/Nutrition/Food Safety; Q13; D12;

    JEL classification:

    • Q13 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness
    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis

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