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The Credit Channel and Monetary Transmission in Brazil and Chile: A Structured VAR Approach

In: Monetary Policy under Financial Turbulence

  • Luis A.V. Catão

    (International Monetary Fund)

  • Adrian Pagan

    (University of Technology, Sydney, and Queensland University of Technology)

We use an expectation-augmented SVAR representation of an open economy New Keynesian model to study monetary transmission in Brazil and Chile. The underlying structural model incorporates key structural features of Emerging Market economies, notably the role of a bank-credit channel. We find that interest rate changes have swifter effects on output and inflation in both countries compared to advanced economies and that exchange rate dynamics plays an important role in monetary transmission, as currency movements are highly responsive to changes in in policy-controlled interest rates. We also find the typical size of credit shocks to have large effects on output and inflation in the two economies, being stronger in Chile where bank penetration is higher.

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This chapter was published in: Luis Felipe Céspedes & Roberto Chang & Diego Saravia (ed.) Monetary Policy under Financial Turbulence, , chapter 05, pages 105-144, 2011.
This item is provided by Central Bank of Chile in its series Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series with number v16c05pp105-144.
Handle: RePEc:chb:bcchsb:v16c05pp105-144
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