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Do firms choose overcapacity or undercapacity in a vertical structure?

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  • Kangsik Choi
  • DongJoon Lee

Abstract

This study investigates capacity choice in a vertical structure in which each downstream firm makes its capacity decision, then a monopolistic upstream firm proposes the input price or two‐part tariff contract. Finally, each downstream firm chooses its output (or price). Contrary to the conventional wisdom that both firms hold excess capacity in an Cournot competition, we find that each downstream firm always chooses undercapacity regardless of both the nature of goods and the competition modes. Second, we also show that capacity efficiency is higher under Cournot competition than under Bertrand competition. Third, even though there are double marginalization distortion and rent‐extracting effect, we can achieve the monopoly equilibrium of the vertically integrated firm though two‐part tariff contract.

Suggested Citation

  • Kangsik Choi & DongJoon Lee, 2020. "Do firms choose overcapacity or undercapacity in a vertical structure?," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 41(5), pages 839-847, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:mgtdec:v:41:y:2020:i:5:p:839-847
    DOI: 10.1002/mde.3141
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