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Needle exchange programs and drug injection behavior

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  • Jeff DeSimone

    (University of South Florida)

Abstract

This study examines how drug injection and needle sharing propensities respond when a needle exchange program (NEP) is introduced into a city. I analyze 1989-1995 Drug Use Forecasting data on adult male arrestees from 24 large U.S. cities, in nine of which NEPs opened during the sample period. After controlling for cocaine and heroin prices, AIDS prevalence, fixed effects for cities and years and city-specific time trends, the model indicates that the presence of a NEP is associated with declines of 13 percent in drug injection and 20 percent in needle sharing among drug injectors. © 2005 by the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management

Suggested Citation

  • Jeff DeSimone, 2005. "Needle exchange programs and drug injection behavior," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 24(3), pages 559-577.
  • Handle: RePEc:wly:jpamgt:v:24:y:2005:i:3:p:559-577
    DOI: 10.1002/pam.20115
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1002/pam.20115
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Anne Line Bretteville-Jensen, 1999. "Gender, heroin consumption and economic behaviour," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 8(5), pages 379-389.
    2. Jeff DeSimone & Matthew C. Farrelly, 2003. "Price and Enforcement Effects on Cocaine and Marijuana Demand," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 41(1), pages 98-115, January.
    3. Frank J. Chaloupka & Michael Grossman & John A. Tauras, 1999. "The Demand for Cocaine and Marijuana by Youth," NBER Chapters,in: The Economic Analysis of Substance Use and Abuse: An Integration of Econometrics and Behavioral Economic Research, pages 133-156 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. repec:aph:ajpbhl:1998:88:9:1403-1404_6 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Avner Ahituv & V. Joseph Hotz & Tomas Philipson, 1996. "The Responsiveness of the Demand for Condoms to the Local Prevalence of AIDS," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 31(4), pages 869-897.
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